Saturday, July 4, 2020

What is neonatal jaundice? How long does it fade? How to treat?

Jaundice that occurs within the full moon (within 28 days of birth) is called neonatal jaundice. The main symptoms are yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera. The baby's loss of appetite, restlessness, and body temperature may also increase.

Causes of neonatal jaundice

The fetus in the mother's abdomen, due to the low oxygen pressure in the blood, the number of red blood cells is large. After birth, the newborn breathes oxygen through the lungs, and the red blood cells are destroyed to produce bilirubin. The glucuronyltransferase in the liver of newborns takes 3 to 5 days for full-term infants and 5 to 7 days for immature infants. The neonatal enzymes are immature and form jaundice. The enzyme gradually matures after birth, and jaundice will also subside.

Newborn jaundice symptoms

Beginning 2-3 days after birth, the eyes, skin, and urine are yellow, stool, eating, and sleep are normal. Generally, those with mild jaundice, except for premature babies, bilirubin rarely exceeds 10mg/dl. Jaundice is usually It will subside naturally within 1-3 weeks. Physiological jaundice in premature infants will subside after prolonging for 1-2 weeks.

Neonatal jaundice treatment

Physiological jaundice does not need treatment. Feed it with 5%-10% glucose water, twice a day, and give it 2 hours after feeding (30-50ml). Until the jaundice subsides, glucose water helps gallbladder. Erythropoietin is discharged, and those with severe jaundice can be irradiated with sunlight or blue light under the guidance of a doctor to oxidize and decompose bilirubin and excrete it from the body.

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