Tuesday, June 23, 2020

World AIDS Day awareness

Since the discovery of the world’s first case of HIV infection on December 1, 1981, in just over 20 years, AIDS has spread throughout the world. It has become a major public health problem and social problem, which has caused a high degree of concern from the World Health Organization and governments. Value. In order to call on people all over the world to act together and fight together against AIDS, in January 1988, the World Health Organization convened a high-level ministerial meeting of "Global AIDS Prevention" in London, which was attended by more than 100 countries. January 1st is "World Aids Day"; in January 1996, the United Nations AIDS Program (UNAIDS) was established in Geneva; in 1997, the United Nations AIDS Program renamed "World AIDS Day" as "World AIDS Prevention and Awareness" Campaign” to spread AIDS prevention and propaganda throughout the year.

Where does AIDS come from?

1. Sexual transmission

Including sexual contact between same sex and opposite sex. Anal sex and oral sex have a greater risk of infection.

2. Blood transmission

(1) Import blood or blood products contaminated with HIV;

(2) Intravenous drug addicts share HIV-contaminated, unsterilized needles and syringes;

(3) Sharing other medical equipment or living utensils (such as sharing toothbrushes and razors with infected persons) may also be transmitted through the damaged area, but it is rare;

(4) Incomplete disinfection or non-sterilization of syringes and needles, especially children are more at risk of failing to prevent injections for one person, one needle and one tube; dental instruments, delivery instruments, surgical instruments, and needles for acupuncture treatment are not strictly disinfected or Not sterilized; knives, needles, and pedicure knives for haircuts, cosmetics (such as eyebrow tattoos, piercings), tattoos, etc.; not sterilized; share shavers, razors, or toothbrushes with others; Antibody-tested blood or blood products of donors, as well as bone marrow and organ transplants in similar situations; when rescuing bleeding victims, the broken skin of the rescuers themselves contacts the blood of the casualties.

3. Mother-to-child transmission

Also known as perinatal transmission, that is, HIV-infected mothers transmit HIV to fetuses or babies before, during and shortly after childbirth. It can be transmitted through the placenta or through the birth canal during childbirth or through breastfeeding.

What are the initial symptoms of AIDS?

Some patients have no clinical symptoms at the initial stage of HIV infection, but most of them may have clinical symptoms caused by HIV viremia and acute immune system damage from 6 days to 6 weeks after HIV infection.

The initial symptoms of AIDS are:

1. Sustained extensive lymphadenopathy, especially neck, axillary and groin lymph nodes. The swollen lymph nodes are about 1 cm in diameter, and are hard, painless, and movable for more than three months;

2. Unexplained fever and night sweats for several weeks;

3. Severe unexplainable fatigue has occurred for several weeks;

4. Decreased appetite, weight loss exceeds 10% of original weight within two months;

5. Chronic diarrhea of ​​unknown origin has been watery for several weeks, more than 10 times a day;

6. Shortness of breath, dry cough for several weeks;

7. Large pink or purple spots on the skin and mouth appear flat or raised, without pain or itching;

8. White film appears in the pharynx and larynx. Scaly spots and itching in the male genitals, itching in the anus, vaginal itching, and vaginal discharge in women, and treatment for gynecological diseases will not cure for a long time

9. No other cause can be found due to headache and blurred vision.

When there are more than three symptoms above and high-risk behavior, you should go to the hospital for examination in time.

How to prevent AIDS?

1. Actively learn AIDS prevention knowledge, correctly understand AIDS;

2. Take safe sex and prohibit promiscuity; avoid sexual contact with HIV-infected people, AIDS patients and high-risk groups; use condoms in all sexual behaviors;

3. It is forbidden to share needles. Medical workers can avoid the spread of AIDS between patients and staff and between patients after following certain safety measures;

4. Avoid unnecessary blood exposure, such as cosmetics, tattoos, piercings, pedicures, etc., all of which have blood exposure. If the above operations must be performed, do not seek a cheap operation room or an institution without a health certificate. Do this high-risk operation;

5. Do not share daily necessities, avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors and other items. Women's menstrual period should pay attention to hygiene;

6. Pay attention to trauma protection. If you bleed due to trauma or sports injuries during work, you must pay attention to protect yourself. When rescuing the wounded and sick, avoid the damaged skin contacting the wounded's blood, etc.

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