Monday, June 22, 2020

Women in the hot summer season beware of urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections are a frequent occurrence of women, especially in the hot summer season. If you have symptoms of frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria, and sometimes accompanied by backache and lower abdominal pain, then 9 out of 10 cases are suffering from urinary tract infections. The weather is hot and the bacteria grow and reproduce quickly, so it is easy to cause urinary tract infections. In the hot summer season, the number of patients with urinary tract infections has increased significantly, especially in women. The incidence rate has increased by more than 50% compared with winter, and it is more common in women aged 20 to 50 years. Urinary tract infections can easily turn chronic if not treated properly, and in severe cases can also cause serious consequences such as renal failure and uremia. Therefore, women should pay special attention to the prevention of urinary tract infections during the hot summer season.

Summer heat is easy to cause female urinary tract infection

First of all, from the external factors, the temperature is relatively high, and there are often sudden rainstorms. The air humidity is high, which creates good conditions for the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Normal people have parasitic bacteria at the end of the urethra, but because of the resistance of the urethral epithelial cells Strong, plus the bacteria can be washed away every time you urinate, generally no infection will occur, but when the heat is intolerable, the gas consumption will hurt, people often have a relatively decreased resistance due to reduced sleep, loss of appetite, etc. Sweaty. Women's genital sweat glands are particularly rich, so it is easy to make the vulva partly wet for a long time, and bacteria will enter. If you don't pay attention to adding water in time, it will make the urine concentrate, reduce urination, and reduce the role of rinsing bacteria, resulting in urine. Road infection.

Second, it has a certain relationship with women's physiological structure. The female urethra is short, only about 3 to 5 centimeters, the urethral opening is large, and the bacteria are prone to invade the bladder; the female urethral opening is close to the vagina and anus, and the adhesion and sensitivity of the urothelial cells to bacteria is higher than that of the male; the menstrual blood is also A good culture medium for bacteria. If you do not pay attention to the cleaning of the vulva, the bacteria are likely to breed; the urethra is moved inside during sex, the vagina and bladder neck are congested, and the urethra is too short, which is easy to induce inflammation; during pregnancy, young girls or menopause, due to changes in estrogen And pH changes are also prone to infection.

Thirdly, with the improvement of living standards, the pressure of life increases, and for various reasons develop bad habits such as sedentary and long-term driving. Some people are too busy to let go of their work, and some refuse to leave the "battlefield" for playing cards or chess. However, it is very unhealthy for them to be unable to urinate in time because of their "urination". As the saying goes, "flowing water does not rot", normal urination can not only excrete metabolites in the body, but also have a self-purifying effect on the urinary system. Holding urine is more harmful to women than men. Holding urine for a long time will accumulate more urine in the bladder. If urine containing bacteria and toxic substances is not discharged in time, it may easily cause diseases such as cystitis, urethritis, dysuria, hematuria or enuresis. In severe cases, urinary tract infections can also spread upward to the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis, and even affecting kidney function.

Finally, when the weather is hot and hot, people often have a relatively decreased resistance due to reduced sleep and poor appetite. At this time, greed and swimming may be risk factors for disease, prone to urinary tract infections or urinary tract infections. The infection recurred.

A comprehensive guide to the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections

1. Good habits

Drink plenty of water and ingest more than 3000 ml of water every day to play the diuretic effect of water, rinse off parasitic bacteria in the urethra, and eliminate hidden infections;

Pay attention to personal hygiene, take a shower and change underwear frequently. It is advisable to penetrate cotton underwear with good air permeability and strong hygroscopicity. Couples should pay more attention to hygiene, and they should wipe clean from the vulva to the anus afterwards;

Do not hold back urine every 2 to 3 hours to avoid bacteria breeding in the urinary tract, avoid bad habits such as alcoholism, sedentary, long-term driving, etc. Do not delay going to the toilet when you are urgency;

2. Eat well

Adjusting emotions Because the occurrence of urinary tract infection is closely related to the decline of resistance and mental stress, susceptible people should usually pay attention to staying happy and avoid excessive fatigue and long-term mental stress. This is the basic condition for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections.

Pay attention to rest to ensure adequate sleep and adhere to physical exercise. Attention should also be paid to strengthening nutrition and enhancing physical fitness. Pay attention to the combination of work and rest, and pay attention to bed rest during treatment, which is an important part of treatment. Chinese medicine has the theory that "blood is returned to the liver and kidney", which emphasizes that the person strengthens the blood circulation of the urinary system while lying in bed. In this way, it will promote the repair of the lesion.

Patients with light diet should eat light, eat less irritating foods, such as pepper, ginger, onion, garlic, etc., and do not drink alcohol. During the remission period, it is advisable to eat nourishing and kidney-enriching foods such as lean meat, fish, shrimp, and fungus to enhance physical fitness and improve the body's immunity. During the attack period, it is mainly light and easy to digest and rich in nutritious food. Drink more light tea or plain water, eat some qi and detoxification diuretic products, such as mung bean soup, winter melon soup, pear and so on. Eat less spinach because spinach contains more oxalic acid. The combination of oxalic acid and calcium can produce insoluble calcium oxalate, which is likely to form urinary tract stones in patients with chronic urinary tract infections.

3. Drug treatment should be reasonable

Thorough treatment of urinary tract infections can generally be relieved by taking two days of medication, but the disease is not completely good. You should continue treatment for one to two weeks. Urine routine tests are completely normal for two or three consecutive times before you can stop the drug. Otherwise, if the urinary tract infection is not properly treated, it can easily become chronic. Severe cases can even cause serious complications such as sepsis and septic shock. Chronic pyelonephritis can also lead to chronic renal failure. If you are sick, you should use the medicine blindly and usually store it at home-some spare medicines, such as Sanjin tablets, Banlangen, etc.

The traditional Chinese medicine used in the treatment of urinary tract infections using traditional Chinese medicine is generally antibiotics, which has a fast effect but large side effects. It is easy to produce drug resistance after long-term use. Therefore, patients must use antibiotics with caution under the guidance of a doctor. Most patients with only symptoms, urinary tract infections without fever and elevated blood may not need antibiotics. In addition to clearing away heat and dampness and antagonizing bacteria, traditional Chinese medicine also has the advantages of strengthening the body and eliminating evil, improving physical fitness, and being suitable for long-term use. Therefore, patients can choose Chinese patent medicine or traditional Chinese medicine decoction for treatment, especially for those patients who have failed to take antibiotics repeatedly and have developed drug resistance. The comprehensive treatment of traditional Chinese medicine is superior to western medicine. On the one hand, the reasonable application of traditional Chinese medicine can effectively control the delay and recurrence of diseases, and on the other hand, it can minimize the toxic and side effects of western medicine. For example, the three gold tablets made of authentic Chinese herbal medicines such as golden cherry root, diamond thorn, golden sand vine, etc. have the advantages of combination of curing and curing, and can quickly improve urinary tract irritation symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria. In order to reduce the recurrence of urinary tract infections, it is best for patients to consolidate a course of treatment according to the doctor's advice or drug instructions after the symptoms are eliminated. When visiting a Chinese medicine department, the doctor will give better oral decoction according to the condition.

For the treatment of primary disease, people with gynecological diseases such as cervicitis, trichomonas vaginitis, fungal vaginitis should actively treat the primary disease, and at the same time actively treat some chronic diseases that can induce urinary tract infections, such as diabetes , Urinary tract stones, thyroid hypertrophy, etc.

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