Monday, June 22, 2020

These six types of cancer men are the most vulnerable to "sick", hematemesis recommend a tumor screening guide

First of all, let's take a look at the male health standards?

▲Energetic energy, can easily take daily life and heavy work without feeling overly nervous and tired.

▲Be optimistic, positive attitude, willing to take responsibility, things are small and not picky.

▲Good at rest and sleep well.

▲Strong ability to adapt to changes in the external environment.

▲Can resist common colds and infectious diseases.

▲Proper weight, well-balanced body, coordinated head, shoulders, and arms when standing.

▲The eyes are bright, the reaction is quick, and the eyelids are not prone to inflammation.

▲Clean teeth, no caries, no pain; normal gum color, no bleeding.

▲Hair is shiny and no dandruff.

▲The muscles are plump and the skin is elastic.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the fastest growing morbidity and mortality rate, and is one of the most threatening malignant tumors to the health and life of the population.

In the past 50 years, many countries have reported that the incidence and mortality of lung cancer have increased significantly, and the incidence and mortality of lung cancer in men accounted for the first place among all malignant tumors.

High-risk group

1. Long-term smokers over 40 years old. The younger the age of smoking, the more years of smoking and the greater the amount of smoking, the greater the risk of lung cancer.

2. Those who are frequently exposed to soot or oil smoke. Combustion products of coal, coal tar or other oils are carcinogenic.

3. Those who have received excessive radiation exposure inside and outside the body.

4. Inorganic arsenic, asbestos, chromium, nickel workers.

5. Patients with chronic lung diseases, such as chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis.

6. Chronic cough, blood in sputum, or positive occult blood in sputum.

Screening

The medical community generally believes that the most effective screening method for lung cancer tumors at present is low-dose CT screening, which can be performed once a year for 3 consecutive years and can reduce the relative risk by 20%.

prevention

1. Quit smoking. Quitting smoking can significantly reduce the incidence of lung cancer and is the most effective way to prevent lung cancer.

2. Prevention of occupational lung cancer. Relevant staff members avoid or reduce direct contact with known carcinogens; regular medical examinations, etc.

3. Control indoor pollution. Keep the kitchen ventilated and clean the range hood or exhaust fan regularly; use pollution-free materials for interior decoration; maintain good ventilation conditions in the room.

4. Diet prevention and chemoprevention. Eat more green leafy vegetables, etc. Studies have confirmed that the progesterone, lycopene and other ingredients in vegetables have anti-cancer effects on the body.

Liver cancer

The proportion of men suffering from liver cancer is much higher than that of women. The main reason is that alcohol.

The correlation between alcohol and cancer has been recognized by the WHO.

And the amount of alcohol intake is also important. The more alcohol you drink, the more acetaldehyde may accumulate in your body, and the greater your chance of getting sick.

High-risk group

1. History of chronic hepatitis B and C.

2. Liver cancer patients have been diagnosed in the family.

3. Men over the age of 30 and chronic alcoholics.

4. Patients with fatty liver and cirrhosis.

5. Long-term consumption of pickled, smoked, mildewed and other foods.

Screening

Relevant examinations are done every six months, including liver color Doppler ultrasound and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP).

prevention

1. Hepatitis B is one of the biggest threats to liver cancer. Check if you have hepatitis B, and do prevention.

2. Keep away from alcohol.

3. Eat less pickled foods such as pickles, not moldy foods.

Esophageal cancer

my country is one of the regions with the highest incidence of esophageal cancer in the world, with an average of about 150,000 deaths every year, more men than women, and more than 40 years of age.

High-risk group

1. Have a family history of esophageal cancer and gastric cancer.

2. At the initial screening, it was found that the esophageal mucosa epithelium increased severely, or patients with esophagitis.

3. Those with unexplained esophageal or intragastric occult blood test positive.

4. People who smoke, drink alcohol, eat a lot of fermented mildewed sauerkraut and mildewed food for a long time, and lack vitamin C, vitamin B, carotene, etc.

5. Love hot food and hot tea.

Screening

The early diagnosis method of esophageal cancer is mainly esophagoscopy.

prevention

1. Do not eat moldy food, eat less sauerkraut. Moldy food can produce toxins, sauerkraut contains a lot of nitrosamines, these substances have a strong carcinogenic effect.

2. Quit smoking and do not drink hard alcohol.

3. Never eat hot food.

4. Use vitamin C, vitamin B, etc. according to the condition to block the precancerous lesions.

Gastric cancer

Gastric cancer originates from gastric mucosal epithelium. It is a typical disease related to eating habits. Everyone's favorite barbecue and fried foods can induce cancer.

High-risk group

1. Infection with Helicobacter pylori.

2. Men over 20-25 kg in normal weight.

3. Often eat foods such as pickled vegetables or smoked meat and fish.

4. Smoking and alcoholism.

5. Have undergone stomach surgery, or have had gastric polyps.

6. Have a family history of gastric cancer.

7. Long-term work in an environment containing a lot of smoke, insomnia and nickel.

Screening

Gastroscopy can be done, painless gastroscopy can be done to reduce discomfort, and capsule gastroscopy is also available.

prevention

1. Change bad eating habits and diet structure, avoid overeating and irregular meals, eat less salty foods such as fumigation, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits.

2. Drink less strong alcohol and do not smoke.

3. Actively treat gastric ulcer and chronic gastritis, and treat Helicobacter pylori in the stomach.

4. Carry out a general survey of gastric cancer in high-incidence areas and high-incidence groups.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that originates in the prostate and is a common malignant tumor in the male urogenital system.

Among the malignant tumors of all organs, the natural history of prostate cancer is the most unique. It varies a lot and varies from person to person.

High-risk group

1. Common in men over 50 years old.

2. Have a family history of prostate cancer.

3. Sex life is too chaotic.

4. Long-term prostate inflammation.

Screening

At present, clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer mainly depends on digital rectal examination, serum PSA, and transrectal prostate ultrasound examination.

prevention

1. Stay away from alcohol. Alcohol stimulates the prostate very strongly and can cause the prostate blood vessels to dilate, causing them to congest and edema.

2. Moderate sex life.

3. Drink plenty of water and urinate frequently. Not drinking water will inevitably concentrate the urine and reduce the frequency of urination, which is extremely bad for the prostate.

4. Exercise moderately. The physical location of the prostate determines that men are largely “sitting” on the prostate, so prolonged sitting can cause major problems. During prolonged sitting, you should also get up and exercise to reduce the pressure on the prostate.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is also the most common malignant tumor of the urinary system, and its incidence increases with age, with a high incidence age of 50-70 years.

High-risk group

1. With chronic bladder infection and long-term irritation of foreign bodies. Such as bladder stones, urinary tract obstruction, severe schistosomiasis infection.

2. Long-term large-scale use of analgesic drugs.

3. Have a family history of bladder cancer.

4. Long-term smoking.

Screening

Generally, B-ultrasound and cystoscopy can be used.

prevention

1. Adhere to scientific eating habits.

2. Increase drinking water. Because the amount of drinking water directly affects the concentration of urine in the bladder, it is important for the prevention of bladder cancer.

3. All workers who come into contact with chemicals and radioactive materials should strengthen labor protection and regularly check their bodies.

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