Tuesday, June 23, 2020

The correct method of household disinfection

Family members have frequent contact with society, and it is often easy to bring respiratory infections into the family. Once an infectious disease occurs in the family, the key links should be disinfected in time to prevent the spread among family members.

1. Air disinfection

A simple and convenient method of window opening ventilation can be adopted, each time the window is opened for 10 minutes to 30 minutes, the air is circulated, and the bacteria are discharged out of the room.

2. Disinfection of tableware

Boil for 10 minutes to 20 minutes or use 500 mg/L of available chlorine, or soak and disinfect with 0.5% peroxyacetic acid for half an hour to 1 hour. Tableware should be immersed in water when sterilizing, and the sterilization time starts from boiling.

3. Hand disinfection

Wash your hands frequently with running water and soap. Use 1210 disinfectant containing 250mg/L to 1000mg/L or 250mg/L to 1000mg/L of effective iodine before or after meals and after contact with contaminated items. Approved commercial hand disinfectant disinfection. Cloths, towels, etc. should be sterilized by boiling and sterilizing cotton and diapers for 10 to 20 minutes, or 0.5% peracetic acid for half an hour to 1 hour. For some chemical fiber fabrics, satin, etc., only chemical soaking can be used for disinfection method.

In order to achieve the desired effect of disinfection in the home, the concentration and time requirements of disinfection agents also need to be mastered, because various pathogens have different resistance to disinfection methods.

In addition, when preparing disinfectant drugs, if there is no measuring device in the home, the estimation method can also be used. It can be estimated as follows: a cup of water is about 250 ml, a basin of water is about 5000 ml, a bucket of water is about 10000 ml, a spittoon water is about 2000 ml to 3000 ml, and a spoon disinfectant is about 10 grams of solid powder or 10 ml of liquid. If you need to prepare 10,000 ml of 0.5% peracetic acid, you can add 5 spoons of peracetic acid stock solution to 1 bucket of water.

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