Monday, June 22, 2020

The core and common symptoms of depression

Depression is a common disease caused by a combination of psychological, biological, and social factors.

The core symptoms of depression include depressed mood and decreased interest.

Depressed mood: Feeling bad and not happy. When severe, he feels heavy, sad, like a cloud of dark, no sunlight, very painful. Disappointed with the future, thinking that he has no way out (despair); not confident in changing the bad status quo I think that I have an incurable disease, I can't get better, and I lose confidence in treatment (helpless); I think that I am worthless, useless, and a useless person, which will only drag on others and is cumbersome (useless) for the family and society.

Decrease in interest: Decrease in interest is manifested in various aspects such as work, life, recreation, exploration of knowledge, pursuit of food, clothing and appearance. When it is serious, he cannot enjoy happiness and is indifferent to the things he likes in the past. Everything in life is not good for him. Life seems to have no purpose and meaning for him. He cannot enjoy the pastoral, air, trees and sunlight.

In addition, the symptoms often accompanied by depression are

1. Loss of energy: I often feel that my concentration and memory have decreased, my brain has become stupid, my work efficiency has decreased, I have been struggling to complete my work, and I rarely speak. I don’t move much, I can’t stay in the door, I can’t stay in bed, and sleep disorders;

2. Such as insomnia, early wake up, or excessive sleep;

3. Anxiety, worrying about his own health, work, life and other aspects, nervousness, fear, and worries, thinking that the condition is serious and not easy to treat; thinking that the problem is complex and cannot be solved, so that the first leg, restlessness, sigh, To blame the heavens and the people is like a catastrophe, and you cannot be panicked all the time. Often accompanied by autonomic dysfunction and suspected disease concepts;

4. Self-evaluation is too low, self-blame, or guilt: to blame yourself for your past minor mistakes or mistakes, even think you are a sinner forever;

5. Difficulty in associating or decreased ability to think consciously;

6. Repeated thoughts of wanting to die or commit suicide or self-harm behavior;

7. Decreased appetite or weight loss;

8. Decreased libido.

The medical treatment of depression is very important. Because antidepressants generally take 1-2 weeks to take effect, patients must be patient during this period of time. They must not stop the drug because the effect is not obvious, and insist on taking the drug for two weeks. It will gradually improve in the future. Do not reduce the drug prematurely after the condition is improved and cured, do not stop the drug yourself, and continue to consolidate the treatment under the guidance of the doctor to prevent the disease from recurring.

In the treatment of depression, psychological treatment is essential, and it should actively cooperate with doctors in psychological and behavioral treatment. At the same time, try to avoid the impact of adverse life events on yourself in daily life and learn to self-regulate. For specific reasons for your illness, relapse factors, and specific short-term and long-term treatment plans, please communicate with your doctor at the time of treatment.

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