Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Take you to understand atrial fibrillation

What is atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation, referred to as atrial fibrillation, is the most common arrhythmia. The normal heartbeat of healthy people is regular, but the heartbeat of patients with atrial fibrillation is irregular, the atrial contraction function is lost, and the disordered heart rhythm appears. The diagnosis can be confirmed by electrocardiogram.

How does it feel during atrial fibrillation?

Patients with atrial fibrillation may feel chest pain, compression, or discomfort; disturbed or rapid heartbeat; dizziness or fainting; difficulty breathing during light physical activity or rest; physical fatigue or fatigue.

What is the harm of atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation can increase the risk of stroke by 5 times; the risk of heart failure by 3 times; the risk of myocardial infarction by 2 times; the risk of dementia by 2 times; and the risk of death by 40% to 90%. In recent years, the hospitalization rate of atrial fibrillation has even exceeded myocardial infarction and heart failure.

What is the cause of atrial fibrillation?

1. Hypertension and atrial fibrillation: twin brothers.

2. Diabetes: the "sweet" burden of atrial fibrillation.

3. Snoring can also "play atrial fibrillation".

4. Smoking and drinking are risk factors for atrial fibrillation.

5. Obesity and atrial fibrillation: every increase in body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of atrial fibrillation by 4% to 8%.

6. Emotions and atrial fibrillation: Bad emotions such as anger, stress, fear will increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.

How to treat atrial fibrillation?

There are two major directions for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Some patients can be treated conservatively with drugs; some patients can receive radiofrequency ablation. This is a minimally invasive, local anesthesia, no suture, small damage, and no scarring. Normal heart rhythm is restored immediately, and the ideal effect can maintain normal heart rhythm for a long time.

A small number of patients with long-range atrial fibrillation who are not suitable for drugs and radiofrequency surgery may consider "left atrial appendage closure".

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