Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Six signs that your salt consumption is exceeding the standard

Salt is an essential condiment in the diet, but eating too much can cause a series of health problems. Recently, the United States "Prevention" magazine summarized the physical changes caused by eating too much salt.

1. The reaction becomes slow.

A Canadian study involving 1,200 long-term sedentary adults found that people who ate too much salt had a faster decline in brain cognitive ability than participants on a low-salt diet.

2. Frequent thirst.

Foods such as French fries, sausages, and pickles contain a lot of sodium, and eating too much will disturb the body fluid balance and make people feel more thirsty. If you eat too salty food, it is recommended to drink plenty of water to restore fluid balance in the cells.

3. Local edema.

Researchers at the Mayo Clinic in the United States have found that local edema of the body may be a symptom of heart disease, kidney disease and other underlying diseases, or it may be caused by eating too much salt, resulting in excess fluid in body tissues.

4. Stomach ulcer.

An animal experiment published in the US "Infection and Immunity" magazine found that excessive salt intake is associated with gastric ulcers and gastric cancer. The study also sounded the alarm for humans. When stomach upset occurs, you can consider whether your daily diet salty.

5. Increased blood pressure.

The American Heart Association recommends that the daily sodium intake should be controlled below 1500 mg. The extra sodium intake will cause the body to retain too much fluid, which will cause blood pressure to increase and increase the heart load. Therefore, patients with hypertension should strictly control salt intake.

6. Kidney stones.

The data released by the "World Salt Health Initiative" show that eating too much salt will lead to increased urine protein. Persistent high urine protein is a major risk factor for kidney disease. In addition, a high-salt diet will increase the risk of kidney stones. Patients with kidney stones should seek medical attention in a timely manner, and switch to a low-salt diet as directed by the doctor.

How to eat salt
Add zinc salt:

Zinc has the reputation of "the flower of life" and bears important physiological functions in the human body. It is a component of enzyme protein, which can promote the body's immune function and growth and development, protect the skin and vision, and maintain normal taste and appetite. Although animal internal organs, meat, eggs, beans and other foods are rich in zinc, however, children and pregnant women in the rapid growth period of the body, elderly people and vegetarians who eat less may be lacking in the body Zinc. A small amount of zinc sulfate or zinc gluconate is added to the zinc salt to meet the needs of the above population.

Add selenium salt:

Selenium is referred to by medical scientists as the "king of cancer" in the trace elements of the human body. It can eliminate free radicals in the body, eliminate toxins in the body, effectively inhibit the production of lipid peroxides, and thus enhance the body's immunity; selenium is also a maintenance heart An important element of vascular function can protect the health of cardiovascular and myocardial. In addition, selenium can combine with heavy metals such as mercury, tin, thallium, and lead in the body to form metal protein complexes for detoxification and detoxification. A certain amount of selenide is added to the selenium salt, which is suitable for middle-aged and elderly people, cardiovascular disease patients and other people.

Riboflavin salt:

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is involved in biological oxidation and energy metabolism processes in the body. The lack of riboflavin in the human body can affect biological oxidation and cause disturbances in substance metabolism, manifested in a variety of symptoms and diseases such as angular ulcers, keratitis, scrotum, blurred vision, and cataracts. Animal liver, kidney, egg yolk, green vegetables, beans and other foods contain high levels of riboflavin. For people who are mainly plant foods, you may wish to eat some riboflavin salt. It can be seen how to eat salt is not a small problem.

Iron salt:

Iron participates in oxygen transport and tissue respiration in the body, maintains normal hematopoietic function, and is related to immune function. For special groups such as infants, young women, middle-aged and elderly people, because they are prone to iron deficiency, long-term consumption of iron salt can not only season, but also meet their body's iron needs.

Low sodium salt:

The sodium chloride in traditional table salt has a purity of more than 95%, and the low sodium salt uses potassium chloride instead of part of the sodium chloride. The sodium content is only 65% ​​to 70%, which can effectively reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and heart disease. danger. The content of magnesium and potassium in the low sodium salt has increased. Since potassium is also one of the essential trace elements in the human body, an appropriate amount of potassium helps lower blood pressure, and potassium chloride is also close to sodium chloride in taste. Low sodium salt is mainly for people with kidney disease, high blood pressure, heart disease and other special people who need to limit sodium salt. However, it should be noted that people with renal insufficiency, if they consume too much potassium, will not be able to get rid of the body, accumulate in the body to form complications such as hyperkalemia, and produce undesirable consequences. Therefore, even if it is low in sodium, people with renal insufficiency should eat less.

Add calcium salt:

How to eat salt, especially calcium salt? Calcium is the main component of the body's bones and teeth. At the same time, calcium has an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle activity, blood coagulation, and body fluid acid-base balance. Calcium deficiency in children can cause rickets, and calcium deficiency in middle-aged and elderly people is prone to sore waist and legs, leading to osteoporosis (hyperplasia) and other diseases. Calcium salt is suitable for all kinds of people who need calcium supplement. Long-term use can maintain the balance of human blood calcium and cellular calcium, and prevent the occurrence of various diseases caused by calcium deficiency. While eating calcium salt, eat more foods rich in phosphorus, such as lean meat, eggs, nuts, peanuts, seaweed, kelp, fish, animal liver, black fungus, etc., can promote calcium absorption and Take advantage of.

Iodized salt:

Iodine is of great significance to human health. It can synthesize thyroid hormones in the human body, thereby contributing to protein synthesis and nervous system development, promoting sugar and fat metabolism, and playing an important role in the body's basic life activities such as water and salt metabolism and energy conversion. If long-term inadequate intake of iodine is prone to goiter, that is, large neck disease. If a pregnant woman lacks iodine, it can also hinder the development of the fetus, and infants with iodine deficiency will suffer from cretinism. Currently, the world's most recognized fortified food for preventing and treating iodine deficiency disorders is iodized salt. However, the iodized salt is easy to oxidize and decompose to make iodine invalid. Therefore, the iodized salt should be stored in a color-sealed container and placed in a cool and dry place. Don't buy too much at a time. Because iodized salt will decompose and volatilize when exposed to high temperature, it is necessary to wait for the vegetables to be cooked and then add salt when cooking. Try to avoid using iodized salt to cook, cook or cook for a long time to reduce the loss of iodine.

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