Monday, June 22, 2020

"Sitting for a long time" is a risk factor for pulmonary embolism

During the summer vacation, young parents were busy taking the elderly and children to travel together, but a pleasant experience had pulmonary embolism. What's going on?

The most common cause of illness: maintaining a certain posture for a long time (such as taking a long train, car, plane), recent fractures and surgical history, people with tumors or blood diseases, these people need to pay close attention to their respiratory symptoms, Such as new chest discomfort, chest pain, hemoptysis and other discomforts must be seen at the first time, and the doctor must be informed if there is such a situation.

Pulmonary embolism refers to a variety of emboli blocking the pulmonary blood vessels. Among them, the most common emboli are thrombi, and the sources of thrombi are more common in the veins of the lower extremities. Pulmonary embolism is an acute and critical illness in the respiratory department, and the most serious causes shock, respiratory failure and even death. Of course, the disease is divided into high-risk group, medium-risk group, and low-risk group. The disease groups are different, and the prognosis and outcome are also different.

Pulmonary embolism has an acute phase like myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction, and early treatment will improve the prognosis of the disease. The treatment of the disease mainly includes: thrombolysis, anticoagulation and symptomatic relief. The first two treatments occupy the main position, but the risk of thrombolysis and bleeding is extremely high, the scope of application is narrow, and the indications are very strict. Most treatments are subcutaneous And oral anticoagulation mainly. The total duration of treatment needs to be at least 3 months, and regular follow-up is required in the respiratory clinic.

In the process of oral anticoagulation drugs, you need to pay attention to the signs of bleeding in your body, such as gum bleeding, skin bleeding, black stools or urine bleeding, etc. Once the above conditions exist, you should see a doctor in time, review the coagulation function and blood routine to assess the degree of bleeding, serious People need to stop the medicine.

People with acute dyspnea, chest pain, and high coagulation factors need to rule out the risk of pulmonary embolism as soon as possible during the consultation.

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