Monday, June 22, 2020

Parotid Tumor Health Knowledge Education

Parotid gland tumor refers to a tumor that occurs in the parotid gland area and is divided into benign and malignant. Benign tumors ≥80%, common are mixed parotid gland tumors and Warthin’s tumors; malignant tumors <20%, common are mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. The parotid gland is located in the anterior and inferior part of the external auditory meatus. The facial nerve passes through the parotid gland and divides the gland into two parts, the superficial lobe and the deep lobe. Most parotid gland tumors are located in the superficial lobe.

Etiology: At present, the cause of benign tumors of the parotid gland is not very clear, and it is related to genetic mutations; however, the cause of malignant tumors of the parotid gland, such as single-line adenoma or adenolymphoma, is related to smoking. Poor oral hygiene, local irritation, and long-term radiation may all induce parotid gland tumors.

Treatment: Mainly based on surgical treatment.

Parotid postoperative health guidance

1. Maintain oral hygiene and gargle before and after meals to prevent wound infection.

2. Post-operation ban of sour, sweet, bitter and spicy diet (especially acid-free diet) for 3 to 6 months.

3. Diet should be a small number of meals, mainly high-protein, high-calorie, high-vitamin semi-liquid soft food, to ensure sufficient calories to promote wound healing.

4. If facial nerve is damaged, it is necessary to insist on daily facial exercise exercises.

5. Joint radical surgery, should master the functional exercises of neck and shoulder, and continue to exercise for 3 to 6 months.

Facial function exercise after parotid operation

Objective: Through facial muscle function exercise and massage, regulate qi and blood, clear meridians, and restore facial muscle function to normal.

Preparations: Take a deep breath, relax, and rub your hands.

Frequency: 2 times a day, each action is done 50 times in a row.

1. Facial massage

Section 1: Face Circle

Push from the nose to the forehead, then from the forehead to the cheek, return to the nose through the mandible one circle, 50 circles at a time.

Section 2: Lifting facial muscles

The root of the palm is pushed through the corner of the eye by the affected cheek, through the forehead to the corner of the healthy eye and cheek, and then pushed down to the lower jaw to return to the original point.

Section 3: Massage the masticatory muscles

From the corner of the affected side, gently push up to the ear.

2. Eye training

Section 1: Eyes closed training

Close your eyes gently, and close your eyes at the same time. If you cannot close your eyelids completely, press gently with your hand.

Section 2: Operation training

Open your eyes and rotate your eyes up, down, left, and right.

Section 3: Eyebrow Training

Raise your eyebrows and raise your eyebrows in a panic.

3. Lip training

Section 1: Pouting

Shrink your lips vigorously, pouting forward, you need to work hard.

Section 2: Show teeth

The corners of the mouth move to both sides simultaneously, exposing teeth.

Section 3: Drumsticks

Close your lips and squeeze your cheeks vigorously, as long as there is no air leakage. If there is air leakage on the affected side, pinch the upper and lower lips with your right hand.

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