Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Osteoporosis understand

Humans have known osteoporosis for nearly two hundred years. Osteoporosis is a silent epidemic that is often diagnosed after the first fracture or even multiple fractures. Decreased bone mass and reduced bone density are its characteristics.

The incidence of osteoporosis

A nationwide large-scale epidemiological survey shows that the total prevalence of osteoporosis in China is 12.4%, and the total number has exceeded 160 million. my country is the country with the largest number of osteoporosis patients in the world. In addition, there is a clear "younger" trend in the population with osteoporosis, and it is expected that by 2020, the number of patients with osteoporosis and low bone mass will increase to 280 million.

Who is susceptible to osteoporosis

Women over 50 years old; maternal relatives have a history of osteoporotic hip fracture; low weight; long-term bed rest; alcoholism; smoking; lack of exercise; premature menopause; long-term corticosteroids; arthritis and chronic pain.

Why do you get osteoporosis?

Human bones have always been in a dynamic balancing process. This process is completed by two cells with completely opposite functions. Osteoblasts are responsible for generating new bone, and osteoclasts are responsible for absorbing old bone. With the aging of the age, especially the decline of the female sex hormone estrogen level, the function of osteoblasts is continuously degraded, and the osteoclasts with absorption function continue to be absorbed, which gradually leads to a decrease in bone strength and osteoporosis.

How often does osteoporosis occur

Osteoporosis has a slow and gradual process for many years. When symptoms of physical discomfort appear, they often have a long course of disease, ranging from a few years to decades. In the early days, most people have no symptoms of discomfort, and it is easy to ignore bone health care. When this latent disease that quietly erodes bone health develops to a certain extent, it eventually evolves into one of the "killers" that endangers health.

What are the manifestations of osteoporosis

The most common are low back pain, sore waist, knee pain, joint pain, fatigue and weakness; severe loosening of teeth, shortened height, kyphosis; more serious fractures caused by no trauma or minor trauma. The so-called minor trauma generally refers to the fractures that occur during the activity at the height of the human standing, or the fractures that occur during daily life activities, such as slipping in the bathroom, spraining down the stairs, sliding from the chair on the ground, and bumping in the car. Fractures occur after injury if the fracture is not likely to occur. Even more serious is the presence of a mosquito on the floor. If you step on it with your feet, a fracture of the calcaneus will occur.

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