Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Let's get to know the prostate

There is an organ in the male body, which is hidden deep in the pelvic cavity. Its volume and shape are similar to those of sugar-fried chestnuts. Most men love and hate it: love is because it is indispensable, hate is because it is afraid of suffering from certain diseases, It is the prostate. So, what is the prostate? Why does it suffer from certain diseases? How does the doctor check its health? Today I will give you three common sense about the prostate.

What is the prostate?

From the perspective of physiological structure, the prostate is a male-specific gonadal organ, located between the bladder and the urogenital diaphragm, and wrapped around the urethra. Its volume and shape are similar to those of sugar-fried chestnuts. We all know that the prostate is closely related to male urination, and the prostate fluid secreted by the prostate is the main component of semen, so the prostate is closely related to male fertility.

Why does the prostate suffer from certain diseases?

As we age, the prostate in men also changes. In fact, the prostate is related to male androgens. If there is no male hormones in the body, the prostate will "strike", showing that it will neither play a role nor cause disease. The level of male hormones in children is very low, and the prostate is very small, so undeveloped children generally do not suffer from prostate disease. As men's second sexual characteristics mature, androgen secretion increases, the prostate also grows. The most intuitive manifestation is the increase in volume, which is generally more obvious during adolescence. When men enter old age, androgen levels no longer rise or decrease, and the secretion of prostate fluid also decreases. At this time, men’s fertility will decrease, but due to imbalanced hormone levels and metabolic disorders in the internal environment, The connective tissue of the prostate glands will proliferate, so the prostate will also increase in size. For young men and elderly men, if they have poor living habits or are affected by certain genetic factors, the prostate will have problems, which will affect urination and fertility, and even cause certain diseases, such as chronic prostatitis and prostate. Hyperplasia and prostate cancer.

Why do doctors check the prostate by digital rectal examination?

During the physical examination, doctors usually check the prostate through a digital rectal examination. Many people are puzzled about this: since the prostate is being examined, why should a digital rectal examination be performed? In fact, the back of the prostate is closely attached to the front wall of the rectum, so doctors can judge the volume and texture of the prostate by touching the front wall of the rectum with their fingers. Under normal circumstances, the volume and shape of the prostate are similar to those of sugar-fried chestnuts, but as the age increases, the probability of the prostate increasing in size also increases, so the doctor can clearly touch the prostate through the digital rectal examination to identify The volume and texture of the prostate, determine whether there is nodular hyperplasia on the surface of the prostate, and then determine whether the prostate has certain diseases. For example, if the prostate is as hard as a rock, or has obvious hard nodules, it needs attention, because it may be caused by prostate cancer.

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