Monday, June 22, 2020

If you have tuberculosis, you do not have to be hospitalized

What is tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can occur anywhere in the body, the most common being tuberculosis. The main symptoms of tuberculosis are cough, sputum, blood in the sputum, low fever in the afternoon, chest pain, loss of appetite, fatigue and weight loss.

The harm of tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease. If it is not treated in time, it will cause lung damage to you personally, affecting your work and life, and may even endanger your life; at the same time, it may also infect your loved ones and friends. If you get tuberculosis and do not complete regular treatment according to the course of treatment, it is very likely to be converted into refractory drug-resistant tuberculosis.

How to spot tuberculosis

If you have a cough, expectoration for more than two weeks or if you have hemoptysis and other symptoms, you must go to the hospital for a sputum test or take a chest radiograph, etc., so that you can find it early and treat it in time.

Carry out census work, especially for regular X-ray chest fluoroscopy of key populations, such as teachers, service industry personnel, and the elderly. Those in doubt must make further inspections.

How does tuberculosis spread

Tuberculosis patients will spread droplets with tuberculosis bacteria into the air when coughing, sneezing, or speaking loudly. People in the surrounding area may be infected if they inhale the droplets with tuberculosis bacteria. Healthy people may be infected by inhaling droplets from patients with infectious tuberculosis. However, most people do not get sick after getting tuberculosis bacteria, and only when the body's resistance is low. People who are infected with tuberculosis have a 10% chance of developing tuberculosis in their lifetime. People who are infected with tuberculosis but do not get sick do not infect others.

What are the common symptoms of tuberculosis

Some may be asymptomatic, only found on X-ray chest X-ray or chest radiograph during physical examination.

Common symptoms of tuberculosis: prolonged low fever (or hot flashes in the afternoon), cough, sputum, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, hemoptysis, chest pain, etc. In severe cases, shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing may occur.

How to prevent infection

Pulmonary tuberculosis patients should pay attention to isolation from their families during the infection. It is best to have a separate bedroom and sufficient light. If there are no conditions, separate beds and separate heads to ensure good ventilation. The room where the patient is located can be sterilized by ultraviolet radiation, once a day or every other day, every 2 hours. The heat-resistant objects such as tableware and clothes used by the patient are boiled and disinfected, and the boiling time is 10 to 15 minutes. The clothing used by patients should be washed frequently and exposed to the sun to achieve the purpose of killing tuberculosis bacteria. Patients should avoid talking loudly to others, cover their mouth and nose with coughing, sneezing, etc., sputum should be wrapped in paper and burned, and do not spit. Special attention should be paid to protecting children. Most children's tuberculosis is transmitted by family members.

What to do if there are suspicious symptoms of tuberculosis

If the above symptoms occur, especially if you have a continuous cough, expectoration for more than three weeks, or hemoptysis, you should promptly go to the tuberculosis prevention and treatment center (chronic disease prevention and treatment station) for treatment, and leave the sputum specimen group under the guidance of a doctor for tuberculosis examination, X-ray chest X-ray or Photos, children under 15 years old do tuberculin test and other inspections.

Major national free policies

China provides free chest radiographs and sputum smears for newly diagnosed patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis or suspected tuberculosis, free sputum smears for tuberculosis patients who are followed during treatment, and free main anti-tuberculosis drugs during treatment for patients with active tuberculosis .

Must pulmonary tuberculosis patients be hospitalized

Tuberculosis patients do not necessarily have to be hospitalized.

Due to the biological characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the treatment of tuberculosis must be combined. The course of treatment is at least 6-8 months, and the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis requires 24 months of treatment. Hospitalization does not shorten the course of tuberculosis. Even if the symptoms improve, the drug cannot be stopped at will. Only by adhering to the full course of treatment (at least 6-8 months) can you cure the tuberculosis completely.

At home, you must do the following

You must go to a professional prevention and treatment institution to develop a reasonable treatment plan.

The key to the success or failure of treatment is that the patient adheres to the law and takes the medicine throughout the course; avoid using it or stopping it halfway.

Follow the doctor's instructions for regular reexamination (check sputum and perspective), and timely grasp the condition to facilitate treatment.

Develop good hygiene habits, pay attention to rest, nutrition, and avoid excessive fatigue to prevent aggravation.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis patients need to be hospitalized

Hospitalization is only required when the following conditions occur:

There are severe comorbidities or complications.

Serious adverse reactions occurred during treatment, and those who need to be hospitalized for further treatment.

Need invasive operation (such as biopsy) or surgery.

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