Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Hypertension health care

High blood pressure is a disease of modern lifestyle. Eating salty food, drinking alcohol, less activity, and obesity are important causes of high blood pressure. Although it is difficult to cure high blood pressure, it can be controlled by appropriate medical and health care measures. While taking antihypertensive drugs regularly and measuring blood pressure regularly, it is necessary to cultivate self-cultivation, reasonable diet, and proper exercise to achieve "balance between eating and moving, and stay healthy for a lifetime."

Part 1 mouth tightened up-reasonable meal

The four cornerstones of the health of patients with hypertension: reasonable diet, moderate exercise, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol, and psychological balance. Doing this can reduce the number of patients with hypertension by half and extend the average life span of the population by 10 years. It can be seen that in addition to drugs, bad habits should be changed to cooperate with treatment.

1. A small amount of meals

Hypertensive patients should have a small number of meals to avoid overeating at one time. It is best to choose some low-calorie staple foods, such as corn, pumpkin, etc., and the daily staple food should be controlled at three to two and a half pounds.

"Meat dishes are the best choice for fish." Epidemiological surveys have found that eating fish once a week has a significantly lower mortality rate than those who do not eat fish. "Hypertensive patients ingest fish 2-3 times a week, which can improve blood vessel elasticity and increase urinary sodium excretion, thereby lowering blood pressure.

Lunch and dinner should be light and light. Eating too many greasy foods can increase cholesterol, easily form blood clots, and induce stroke.

2. Less salt and less seasoning

The daily salt intake of healthy people is 6 grams (about a normal beer cover and a flat cover), while the daily salt intake of hypertension patients should be strictly controlled within 2-5 grams.

Experts pointed out that when calculating the amount of salt, the sodium contained in cooking soy sauce should also be subtracted. 3 ml of soy sauce is equivalent to 1 gram of salt. Pickled vegetables, fermented bean curd, bacon (eggs), pickled products, scallops, dried shrimps, preserved eggs, etc. are all high in sodium and should be eaten as little as possible or not.

People with heavy tastes can add a little lemon juice when cooking to improve the fresh flavor of the dishes and help themselves adapt to foods with less salt. In addition, if you add sugar when cooking, it will mask the salty taste. Therefore, you can not judge whether the salt is excessive based on the taste alone. You should use a measuring tool to be more accurate.

3. Eat high potassium foods

Too much salt is prone to high blood pressure, because high sodium can increase blood pressure, and potassium-rich foods enter the body to fight the pressure rise caused by sodium and damage to blood vessels. A follow-up study of 2,600 people showed that eating food containing 1 gram of potassium every day, such as a potato, a banana and 226 grams of milk, blood pressure can drop by 4mmHg after five weeks.

Therefore, patients with hypertension can usually eat foods rich in potassium, such as beans, mushrooms, black dates, almonds, walnuts, peanuts, potatoes, bamboo shoots, root vegetables, bananas, peaches, oranges and so on.

4. Eat more foods rich in VC

British medical workers tested the blood of 641 adults and found that the higher the vitamin C content in the blood, the lower the blood pressure. These researchers believe that vitamin C helps to dilate blood vessels. Taking vitamin C tablets every day, or eating more fruits and vegetables rich in VC can also play the same role.

Part 2 The body moves-moderate exercise

Appropriate physical activity is very beneficial to the prevention of hypertension, it is best to do aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling and swimming, but it is not suitable for winter swimming.

1. Walking: all kinds of patients with hypertension can be used. After a long walk, the diastolic blood pressure can be significantly reduced. The walking time is generally about 30 minutes, once or twice a day, the speed can be determined according to their own conditions.

2. Jogging: The amount of jogging is greater than walking, which is suitable for patients with mild hypertension. The maximum heart rate during jogging can reach 120-136 beats per minute, and long-term adherence to exercise can cause blood pressure to drop steadily, pulse to stabilize, digestive function to increase, and symptoms to ease. The running time can be gradually increased from less to 15-30 minutes.

3. Tai Chi: suitable for patients with hypertension in all stages. Tai Chi movement is gentle, the mood is quiet, the muscles of the whole body are relaxed, which is conducive to the drop of blood pressure.

Exercise for patients with hypertension should start with low intensity and small amount of exercise, and gradually, it is recommended to exercise under the guidance of a doctor.

Antihypertensive goals for hypertensive patients

(1) The blood pressure of ordinary hypertensive patients drops to <140/90mmHg

(2) Diabetes and kidney disease patients drop to <130/80mmHg

(3) The systolic blood pressure of the elderly drops to <150mmHg

If you have mild hypertension, you can improve your living habits first; if you can't effectively control blood pressure through diet, weight loss, smoking cessation and exercise, you need medication. Drugs are currently the most effective method of treating hypertension, and patients must take medications in strict accordance with medical advice.

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