Tuesday, June 23, 2020

How to give first aid to patients with hypertension?

Once a hypertensive patient has a sudden increase in blood pressure, it is easy to cause serious consequences. In particular, various complications caused by hypertension can easily cause sudden death, which means that patients with hypertension may be at risk at any time, so the knowledge of first aid for hypertension must be mastered. Especially those with hypertension in the family must master it, and they will not be at a loss when they are sick, which delays the treatment. Let's learn together.

Acute left heart failure

Hypertensive patients may suffer from panic and hypoxia, purple lips, malfunction of the limbs or pink foamy sputum. Consider whether the patient has acute left heart failure. If this occurs, immediately sag the patient's legs. Take a seat. If an oxygen bag is available at home, the patient should be inhaled with oxygen in time.

Hypertensive encephalopathy

If patients with hypertension have symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, severe headache, palpitation, urinary frequency, and even blurred vision at the same time as the blood pressure rises suddenly, it means that the patient has developed hypertensive encephalopathy. Family members should comfort the patient, let the patient rest in bed, and take antihypertensive drugs in time. They can also take diuretics and sedatives.


Excessive mood changes can also cause the patient's blood pressure to rise suddenly, at this time the most prone to angina pectoris, even acute heart failure. Hypertensive patients should be quiet and rested if they suddenly experience chest tightness, paleness, sweating, and pain in the precordial area after fatigue or mental stimulation. They should take a piece of nitroglycerin under the tongue and inhale oxygen.

With cerebrovascular accident

Hypertension patients will be accompanied by cerebrovascular accidents, in addition to headaches, vomiting, and even unconsciousness or paralysis of the limbs. At this time, the patient should be placed on the back with the head tilted to one side to avoid unconsciousness or vomiting during severe vomiting. Inhale the airway and notify the emergency center.

These first-aid knowledge of hypertension are necessary, because any of the above situations occur, if the treatment is not taken in time or the wrong method is adopted, it will cause the patient's life. Therefore, we must keep in mind the above situations to prepare for the occasional need.

Attachment: Five misunderstandings about the understanding of hypertension
1. The use of antihypertensive drugs too early will lead to the ineffectiveness of future medications

Some people with high blood pressure believe that the use of antihypertensive drugs too early will lead to the ineffectiveness of future medications. Do not use the medication when the symptoms are not serious now. This idea is very dangerous. After blood pressure rises, many organs such as heart, brain, kidney, etc. will be damaged unconsciously. The earlier the blood pressure is controlled, the more the target organ can be prevented from being injured, and the better the long-term prognosis. If you wait for complications, you have lost the best time for treatment and regret it.

2. Taking antihypertensive drugs affects liver and kidney function

Some people are afraid to use it because they are worried about the adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs. In fact, some people may have some adverse reactions when taking antihypertensive drugs, but compared with the severe consequences of hypertension caused by disability and death, the benefits of taking antihypertensive drugs are greater.

3. Health products have antihypertensive effect

Hypertensive patients must not be blinded by some pseudoscience that promotes the eradication of hypertension, and take some unscientific treatments without following the doctor's instructions, resulting in stroke and myocardial infarction.

People with high blood pressure should go to the hospital for regular treatment.

4. Stop taking antihypertensive drugs when going to the hospital for review

Some hypertensive patients stop taking antihypertensive drugs before going to the hospital for review, and think that blood pressure measurement is more true after stopping the drug. This is a wrong approach. Antihypertensive treatment is a long-term process, and doctors pay more attention to blood pressure levels after taking the medicine. Therefore, no matter whether you go to the hospital, you should take the medicine on time.

5. Long-term medication can produce drug resistance

At present, there is no evidence that the long-term use of the same antihypertensive drugs will lead to tolerance and reduce the efficacy. Therefore, under good blood pressure control, do not change the drug yourself to avoid cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events.

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