Tuesday, June 23, 2020

High temperature days, beware of six common diseases

Each season has its own specific diseases, as does summer. The summer weather is hot, people sweat a lot, their appetite is poor, and they are not adapted to the high temperature weather, resulting in many diseases. Among them, bacterial dysentery, heat stroke, and cold are common diseases in summer. So, how to prevent various common diseases in summer?

Bacterial dysentery

[Clinical manifestations]

Intestinal disease is a high incidence in summer, and bacterial dysentery is one of the most common intestinal infectious diseases. Bacterial dysentery is an acute intestinal infectious disease caused by dysentery bacillus. The clinical manifestations are abdominal pain, diarrhea, pus and bloody stools, and some cases may have fever and other symptoms. In severe cases, fever may occur with septic shock symptoms. Sometimes cerebral edema and respiratory failure occur.

Intestinal diseases are not only related to gastrointestinal dysfunction caused by people who like to eat raw food when they are hot, but also related to the breeding activities of flies. Generally, they are spread by drinking or eating water contaminated with dysentery bacillus and food. Food-borne outbreaks are prone to occur. Can be spread through daily contact.

[prevention]

To prevent bacterial dysentery, pay attention to food hygiene, do not drink raw water, and do not eat raw or spoiled food; when preparing food, separate raw and cooked food, and cooked food, do not put it back in the bowl containing raw food; tableware, food Wait for the washing and disinfection work. In addition, eat less greasy food, eat more light food, do not eat overnight dishes, open fruit, such as watermelon, try to eat it once, even if put in the refrigerator, the best time is not more than 24 hours.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

[Clinical manifestations]

In summer, there is a kind of intestinal infectious disease that occurs frequently in children is hand, foot and mouth disease. Hand, foot and mouth disease occurs mostly in children under 5 years old, and the symptoms are fever, rashes or herpes appear on the hands, feet, mouth, buttocks. A small number of children will be complicated by pneumonia, encephalitis, myocarditis, etc., and even lead to death. In addition to the spread of the Tao, patients can spread by talking, sneezing, coughing, etc. In addition, the use of shared toys, tableware and close contact in collective life may cause the spread of disease. May to July is a high incidence of hand-foot-mouth disease.

[prevention]

During the high incidence of hand-foot-mouth disease, parents should try to minimize taking children to densely populated public places; before washing and touching children, pay attention to washing their hands; children's clothes should be dried frequently; pay attention to indoor air circulation; before and after using baby bottles Wash and disinfect; do not drink raw water or eat cold food.

In case of hand, foot and mouth cases, the toys used by the children should be cleaned and disinfected to prevent infection of others.

Heat stroke

[Clinical manifestations]

Stroke is a common cerebrovascular disease of middle-aged and elderly people. The two peak periods of stroke, one is severe winter below zero, and the other is mid-summer above 30 degrees. When there are hot summer days, stroke patients will increase dramatically, and occur in summer The stroke is commonly known as "hot stroke".

In summer, when the temperature is high, the body will sweat a lot and lose water. If it is not replenished in time, it is easy to cause "dehydration". "Dehydration" will reduce blood volume, thick blood, slow blood circulation, and the formation of tiny blood clots. For elderly people with high blood pressure, high blood fat, or cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, the probability of having a stroke naturally increases.

[prevention]

Old people must add water in time in summer, drink plenty of water when they are not thirsty, and add salt appropriately, and drink some water when waking up in the middle of the night to reduce blood viscosity, which is good for preventing thrombosis. In addition, the temperature of the air conditioner is controlled at 27 to 28 degrees Celsius. Be careful not to blow it directly. At the same time, open the window regularly for ventilation to keep the indoor air fresh.

Hot cold

[Clinical manifestations]

People are commonly known as "hot cold" in the summer. In summer, many people are cool and like to take a cold shower when they are hot and sweaty, and turn on the air conditioner for a long time when sleeping and working, which leads to a large temperature difference between indoor and outdoor. In addition, many people in summer lose their appetite, exercise, and resistance. It is easy to cause a cold in summer.

[prevention]

High temperature weather will consume a lot of body fluids, so in summer, we must pay attention to drink plenty of water, drink a small amount of times, generally 300 ml to 500 ml each time is appropriate, if necessary, you can drink light salt water. Secondly, sleep is also very helpful for the treatment of colds in summer, to ensure 8 hours of sleep. Again, diet should also be a reasonable diet, eat more lean meat to increase protein intake.

Heatstroke

The hot summer weather can easily cause heatstroke, which is mainly caused by the loss of balance of body temperature regulation in the high-temperature environment, excessive accumulation of body heat, and disorder of water and salt metabolism. The disease usually occurs in summer with high temperature and high humidity. After heatstroke, symptoms such as sweating, dizziness, chest tightness, palpitations, nausea, and vomiting may occur. In severe cases, fainting or cramping may occur, which is life-threatening.

The symptoms of heatstroke in summer are not obvious, or are not noticed, and are often overlooked. Therefore, if you find yourself or others have heat stroke performance, you should quickly leave the high temperature environment and rest in a cool and ventilated place; drink plenty of light saline; you can also apply cool oil, wind oil essence, etc. on the forehead, or take ten drops of water, Huoxiangzhengqi Chinese medicine such as water; if symptoms such as blood pressure reduction and collapse occur, you should go to the hospital immediately.

I would like to remind you that when you go out in summer, it is best to avoid the time period from 10 am to 4 pm. When you go out, you must do protective work, such as playing umbrellas, wearing sun hats, wearing sunglasses, and preparing plenty of water and drinks; Some heatstroke-preventing medicines; use cotton, hemp, silk and other fabrics as much as possible, and wear less chemical fiber clothing to avoid heat dissipation in a large amount of sweating, causing heat stroke.

skin disease

The hot weather in summer is conducive to the reproduction and growth of various fungi and bacteria. In addition, people are prone to sweating and skin is humid in summer. If you do not clean and keep it dry in time, the fungus will invade our skin and cause dermatophytosis. The most common dermatophytosis is tinea pedis, also known as "beriberi". In addition, many young men are easily infected with body ringworm and tinea versicolor (sweat spots) in summer, which is related to the large amount of perspiration. If you do not wash in time after sweating, the fungus will multiply on the skin, forming papules, blisters, and scales Wait, damage the skin.

For infants and young children, prickly heat is the most common skin disease in summer. Prickly heat is a common summer skin disease in infants and young children. It is a skin abnormality caused by sweat blocking sweat holes. It is more common in the neck, front chest, back, underarms, and needles. Pimples the size of rice grains, the surrounding skin is red, and improper treatment is easy to cause secondary infections.

Whether it is an adult summer skin disease or infantile infantile prickly heat, it is due to excessive sweating, inability to clean in time, and keeping it dry. Therefore, the most important thing to prevent such skin diseases is to keep the skin clean and dry. Adults and children should take a shower frequently, and sweaty clothes should be changed in time. Adults can choose some fresh and breathable clothes and socks, and use household appliances as much as possible.

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