Monday, June 22, 2020

Health education-prevention of dengue fever

The coming of summer is not only hot, but also annoying mosquitoes. Whether traveling abroad, resting at home, or going for a walk in the park, mosquitoes are everywhere and always add a little trouble to a comfortable life. If it’s just sucking blood from mosquitoes, but if you sleep in a quiet room and hear the buzzing mosquitoes, you can imagine how poor the sleep quality is, and then suddenly bite it, it’s annoying. Metaphor. Even more serious is that mosquitoes can also spread infectious diseases through blood sucking. The most important mosquito-borne disease in Guangdong is dengue fever. Therefore, in addition to harassment and stabbing people to suck blood, mosquitoes can also transfer a healthy person to a patient and be sent to the hospital, not to mention the expensive medical expenses of the family, not to mention that a particularly serious illness can also lead to death.

The modern medical model requires that families as social cells should play the most important role in maintaining the health of family members. Among them, the disease prevention awareness and behavior of family members are the most important social basis. Every member of the family should promote family members' health awareness and behavior based on scientific knowledge, including parents, children, grandpas, grandma, etc. Every family does not want family members to suffer from dengue fever, but also has the responsibility and obligation to learn about the prevention of dengue fever.

So what should families do to prevent dengue fever?

Dengue fever is an acute mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by dengue virus, mainly transmitted by the bites of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue fever spreads quickly, and it can usually infect a wide range of people in a short time, causing a large disease burden on society. Currently, there is no specific treatment for dengue fever, and there is no effective vaccine to prevent it. Therefore, the most effective measures for home prevention are to prevent mosquitoes and mosquitoes, remove water in the home, and seek medical treatment in time after suspected symptoms appear.

Anti-mosquito

Dengue fever is spread by mosquito bites and will not be passed directly from person to person. As long as you are not bitten by mosquitoes, you will not get dengue fever.

(1) Families should install mosquito nets, screen doors, screens, etc.; use mosquito coils, electronic mosquito repellent devices, electric mosquito swatters, anti-mosquito lamps and other equipment in a timely manner, and use insecticide sprays to kill mosquitoes in the rooms.

(2) In dengue fever epidemic areas or seasons, when going out for activities or travel, such as parks, green belts, etc., long-sleeved clothes and trousers should be worn, and mosquito repellent drugs should be applied to exposed skin and clothes. You should also avoid staying in places with a lot of outdoor mosquitoes such as tree shades, grass, and pavilions for too long.

Remove standing water

Mosquitoes that transmit dengue fever grow in small water containers in the home environment. Clearing the water can control the growth and reproduction of mosquitoes and prevent dengue fever.

(1) Remove or invert all kinds of unusable water-storable containers outdoors, such as unused flower pots, tanks, tires, and water-storable garbage placed outdoors, on balconies, on rooftops.

(2) The cultivated aquatic plants (such as Fuguizhu, Dieffenbachia, bergamot, etc.) should be changed every 3-5 days to wash the bottle and wash the roots. During dengue fever epidemic, it is best not to grow aquatic plants. If you want to grow, you should use mud and sand instead.

(3) Keep the tray of flower pots free of water. If there is any water, it should be dried at any time.

(4) Remove all kinds of useless stagnant water in time, such as ditch, rooftop and other area water, fill up slubs, tree holes, etc. For the stagnant water that cannot be removed for a long time, you can put corrosion inhibitor to kill larvae.

Get medical attention in time

In the summer and autumn season when dengue fever is prevalent, bulge hyperthermia, accompanied by severe headache, orbital pain, muscle, joint and bone pain, flushing of the face, neck, chest, conjunctival hyperemia, rashes that are more common on the trunk or head and face of the limbs, accompanied by Leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, you should seek medical treatment in time when the above symptoms occur, and find and treat early to avoid delaying the disease or transmitting it to your family through mosquitoes.

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