Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Health education knowledge of hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, and viral infection is the most common cause. There are five main types of hepatitis viruses, namely A, B, C, D and E. In particular, hepatitis B and C, which cause hundreds of millions of people to suffer from chronic diseases, are also the most common causes of cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is mainly divided into two categories: one is mainly transmitted through the gastrointestinal tract, such as A and E can be transmitted through daily contact with water and food; the other is mainly transmitted through blood and sexual contact, such as B, Types C and D can be spread through blood, mother-to-child, and sexual contact.

Early hepatitis can be manifested as:

1. Decreased appetite, poor digestive function, bloating after eating, nausea, vomiting, no hunger, tired of eating greasy food, easy to feel tired after activities, etc.

2. The complexion is dark, yellowish brown, rough, and dark purple.

3. The sclera or skin is yellow, or "three yellow" symptoms appear.

4. Symptoms such as hidden pain in the liver area and swelling in the liver area.

The prevention of viral hepatitis can be divided into three levels.

Primary prevention:

1. Vaccination: Vaccination against hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine has a good immune prevention effect.

2. Take effective measures to cut off its transmission channels, such as using safe blood products, not sharing syringes, and avoiding unclean medical behaviors.

Secondary prevention: It is recommended that people with suspected symptoms of hepatitis or high-risk behaviors take the initiative to go to the medical institution for inspection, find and standardize treatment as early as possible, and prevent their development into chronic hepatitis.

Tertiary prevention: Chronic hepatitis B and C patients should follow the doctor's instructions, pay attention to rest, eat a reasonable diet, and cooperate with drug treatment to prevent the development of chronic hepatitis into cirrhosis.

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