Monday, June 22, 2020

Fatty liver: not just a fat patent

Fatty liver is a common clinical phenomenon, not an independent disease, nor a patent for fat people. Unhealthy dietary habits, weight loss, malnutrition, and certain metabolic diseases can cause fatty liver, and early symptoms of fatty liver are not obvious, and late stage can develop into severe cirrhosis and liver cancer. In recent years, with the improvement of people’s living standards and lifestyle changes, the incidence of fatty liver disease has been rising, and its incidence can reach about 10%. In certain professional groups (white-collar workers, taxi drivers, professional managers) People, individual owners, government officials, senior intellectuals, etc.) The average incidence of fatty liver is 25%; the incidence of fatty liver is about 60 in sub-healthy people who often suffer from insomnia, fatigue, lack of tea, and gastrointestinal dysfunction %; in obese people, the incidence rate can reach 57% to 74%, and the age of onset continues to advance, in China has become the second largest liver disease after viral hepatitis. People should pay more attention to the health of their livers and conduct regular physical examinations. Learning to care for yourself is the first choice for treating and preventing the disease.

Pay attention to early symptoms

The initial symptoms of fatty liver are not obvious, and some people may have symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, pain in the liver area, abdominal distension, and fullness and pressure in the upper right abdomen. Caused by other reasons, and the mentality of passing the past, these symptoms are often easily overlooked.

Fatty liver disease progresses slowly, and many patients have unknowingly progressed to the stage of steatohepatitis, or even liver cirrhosis, or only found after complications of liver cirrhosis. Therefore, asymptomatic does not mean that fatty liver has not progressed, and fatty liver should be treated as soon as possible.

Healthy eating is the key

The number of patients with fatty liver is increasing year by year, mostly due to dietary problems, so fatty liver can be said to be a "disease." Healthy eating is the first choice for treatment and prevention of the disease. Adjust the diet structure, with low sugar and low fat as the dietary principle. Avoid high-fat foods such as animal offal and sweets (including sugary drinks), try to eat fats containing unsaturated fatty acids (such as olive oil, rapeseed oil, tea oil, etc.), eat more fresh vegetables, fruits and vitamin-rich foods , As well as lean meat, fish, soy products, etc., eat foods that help reduce blood fats, such as oats, mung beans, kelp, eggplant, asparagus, walnuts, wolfberry, black fungus, hawthorn, apples, grapes, kiwi, etc., to avoid excessive Ingestion, snacking, and no meals before going to bed to avoid excessive accumulation of body fat. Chew slowly, remove bad eating habits, and quit smoking and drinking. Establish a reasonable diet structure and habits, and implement regular three meals a day.

Weight loss and cellulite should be reasonable

As mentioned earlier, the incidence of fatty liver in obese people can reach 57% to 74%, so scientific exercise fat reduction is a necessary means to treat fatty liver. The amount and time of physical activity every day should be calculated according to the weight loss goal. For obese people who need to lose energy, the method of increasing physical activity and controlling diet is generally used, of which 50% should be derived from increasing the energy consumption of physical activity To solve, the other 50% can be reduced by reducing the total energy of the diet and reducing the intake of fat to achieve the total energy that needs to be deficient. Exercise should not be carried out immediately after a meal, and should avoid early morning and late night exercise, so as not to disturb the biological rhythm of the body; people with diabetes should exercise 1 hour after a meal. Avoid fasting, excessive dieting or other rapid weight loss measures. Smoking and drinking can cause increased serum cholesterol. You should quit smoking and alcohol; change the sedentary lifestyle such as watching TV for a long time, using computers, surfing the Internet, and increase aerobic exercise time. At the same time, monitor body mass index, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, liver function, blood lipids and blood sugar every six months, and do B-ultrasound examination of the upper abdomen including liver, gallbladder and spleen every year.

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