Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Emergency treatment for nose bleeding

Nosebleeds, medically called nasal epistaxis, usually refers to nasal bleeding caused by rupture of blood vessels in the nasal cavity, sinuses or nasopharynx. It occurs at various ages and at different times and seasons. It is a very common symptom. The person was bloody or spotted blood in the snot. In severe cases, heavy bleeding is not easy to control and can cause hemorrhagic shock.

1. Prone factors for nosebleeds (1) Trauma (2) Nasal cavity lesions (3) Systemic diseases

2. Recognition and treatment of nosebleeds is a symptom and disease of many diseases. Because the symptoms of nosebleeds are mild to severe, they cannot be ignored. Nosebleeds caused by general local causes (such as trauma, nasal cavity lesions) often manifest as one-sided nosebleeds, while nosebleeds caused by systemic causes (systemic diseases) mostly manifest as simultaneous or alternate bleeding on both sides, and nosebleeds may also be It is a symptom of hypertensive crisis patients. A small amount of nosebleeds is usually bloody or spotted blood in the snot, and most of them can stop on their own and can be cured without treatment. A large amount of epistaxis is usually in the form of running water. It is continuous and sometimes difficult to control. It must be treated urgently.

3. General treatment for nosebleeds

When nosebleeds, make the patient take a sitting position or a semi-sitting position, and pay attention to protect the patient's clothes to avoid being contaminated by blood. If hemorrhage is heavy or the suspected patient is experiencing shock (such as paleness, cold limbs, rapid pulse, shortness of breath, etc.), the pillow can be removed, and the patient should be placed in a supine or supine position and call 120 immediately. At the same time, carefully observe the changes in breathing and pulse, and take the patient to the hospital as soon as possible.

4. Don't be nervous when nosebleeds

When there is more bleeding, the patient is often more nervous, but as the patient's family, you must not be nervous, otherwise it will exacerbate the patient's fear. To appease the patient, you should accompany the patient, eliminate the patient's nervous and terrified mental state, and guide the patient to breathe (slow and deep breathing, inhale as slowly as possible, *** can last more than 3 seconds, until unable to Inhale again and exhale slowly) to fully relax yourself.

5. To exhale in time for nosebleeds. Because nosebleeds, blood can flow into the mouth through the posterior nostril, so the patient should be instructed to spit out the blood in the inlet. Don't let the patient swallow the blood to avoid irritating the gastrointestinal tract, causing nausea, vomiting, or suffocation caused by the patient's inhalation and inhalation.

Finger pressure hemostasis

People with a small amount of bleeding in the front of the nasal septum or occasional bleeding, a small amount, can use acupressure to stop bleeding. Use your thumb and index finger to pinch the nose wings on both sides and press for 5-10 minutes. During the finger pressure, you can also apply a cold towel or cold water or ice pack on the forehead and neck of the patient to promote blood vessel contraction and reduce nose bleeding.

Nasal packing hemostasis

When the patient has a lot of nosebleeds, he can also use nasal packing to stop bleeding while preparing to go to the hospital. Gently fill the patient's anterior and posterior nostrils with a tightly wrapped gauze strip or cotton strip, and squeeze the two nostrils with the index finger and thumb to compress the hemostasis. When putting in a gauze or cotton sliver, pay attention to leaving the gauze or cotton sliver exposed a little to facilitate removal.

See a doctor at the hospital

It is also worth emphasizing that after the patients with epistaxis have been treated by the above methods, even if the bleeding has stopped, they should go to the hospital to find an otolaryngologist for further examination and treatment.

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