Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Effects of diabetes on the eyes

Diabetes is a systemic metabolic disease that causes lesions in various parts, the most common of which is retinopathy. Clinical studies have shown that diabetic eye disease is closely related to the course of the disease. In addition, international diabetes research data also confirms that 50% of patients with retinopathy after 8 years of diabetes have shown that diabetes has a great impact on the eye, and "Tanyou" has to pay attention.

Retinopathy occurs in more than half of "sugar friends"

At present, there is no cure for diabetes, and the harm of diabetes is not from the disease itself, but from its serious complications. Medical Education Network|Collecting various complications of diabetes has become the main reason for blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and other serious diseases. Long-term hyperglycemia can cause systemic blood vessels, especially microvascular lesions, thus causing serious harm to the heart, eyes, kidneys, feet, brain and so on. When the eyes are involved, it will cause diabetic retinopathy, cataract, diopter change, iris ciliary body inflammation, neovascular glaucoma, etc. Among them, diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common serious complications of diabetes, causing irreversible visual impairment Even blind.

Signals for the onset of "sugar eye" disease

Early diabetic retinopathy is often asymptomatic and can easily be overlooked. But "Sugar Friends" can still know whether they are suffering from "Sugar Eyes" through detailed pathological symptoms.

Generally, "sugar eye" disease will have vision loss and blurred vision in the early stage, especially the night vision loss is obvious; ghosting and flashing feeling when seeing things; a little, flake black object floating in front of the eyes; the degree of myopia is increased , Temporary relief of presbyopia, etc., these are common symptoms of diabetic eye disease. In addition, drooping eyelids, eye movement disorders, eye expansion, eye pain, and visual field defects are also possible symptoms of diabetic eye disease. If these symptoms occur, it is recommended to go to the ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

5 strokes away from "sugar eye" syndrome

1. Avoid bright light

"Sugar Friends" should pay attention to avoid strong light. If the sunlight is strong, it is best to wear a parasol and wear sunglasses when going out. Sunglasses must choose to have UV protection. Old people over 60 years old wear tan sunglasses, which helps protect eyesight.

2. Strengthen eye protection

"Sugar Friends" should pay attention to the protection of the eyes. Doing eye exercises every day can accelerate blood circulation in the eyes, increase immune factors, improve the eye's own immunity, and delay the development of lens opacity. It is also necessary to develop good eye habits, and try not to read or watch TV for a long time. After feeling tired with your eyes, you can look outside and relax.

3. Pay attention to diet regulation

"Sugar Friends" try to eat less fat, sugar foods, eat more vegetables and fruits, and often eat lean meat, fish, eggs, milk and soy products to supplement protein. Eat fish at least twice a week, but it is not recommended to eat fried fish, cooking is mainly based on less oil, and more foods rich in vitamin B types such as millet and beans. Lycium barbarum, Chinese yam, shepherd's purse can decoction instead of tea, often taken to reduce blood sugar.

4. Avoid strenuous exercise

"Tanyou" has thin and fragile retinal neovascularization, which is easy to rupture and bleed under various factors. Excessive vibration of the head or prolonged vigorous exercise can easily cause abnormalities in the vitreous and retina, causing vision loss and causing irreparable damage to the patient.

5. Regular physical examination

To prevent "sugar eye" disease, regular inspection is necessary. As long as diabetes is diagnosed, you should check the fundus and ensure that it is checked once a year. This is the best way to detect diabetic eye disease as early as possible. Those who have diabetes for more than 5 years, it is best to check every six months. As soon as there are black "floating objects", "tadpoles", and "spider webs" in front of your eyes, you should see a doctor immediately.

To treat diabetic eye disease, we must first actively control diabetes, diagnose diabetes early, and adopt early diet control, oral hypoglycemic drugs, insulin injection, and appropriate exercise to control diabetes. In addition, conservative medical treatment can be taken and cured as soon as possible.

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