Thursday, June 25, 2020

Disinfect the home environment The use of disinfectant and precautions

How to use household disinfectant:

1. Under normal circumstances, the family only needs to be clean and hygienic, and no disinfection is needed; when there are patients in the family, especially when patients with infectious diseases, or after outsiders visit, disinfection is necessary.

2. For general households, physical disinfection methods such as cooking and exposure should be used when selecting disinfection methods. Disinfection of tableware should be preferably boiling disinfection or disinfection cabinet. Clothing and bedding are mainly exposed to sunlight. Indoor air disinfection mainly adopts regular window opening for ventilation. When washing your hands, if you do not touch the patient, use ordinary soap and running water.

3. Disinfect key surfaces, such as door handles, stair handrails, foot pads, faucets, and other key parts, and do not spray disinfectant on the whole room.

4. For wash basins and toilets, only need to spray and disinfect the surface in an appropriate amount. After disinfection, rinse with a large amount of tap water, otherwise it will corrode the pipe network; floor drains and sewers, do not add disinfectants, because disinfection of floor drains or sewers usually does not work. For the purpose of disinfection and disease prevention, it will also corrode the pipe network and bring about future problems.

5. Do not miss the sterilization of key items, such as dishcloths, because of frequent use, often in a humid state, and more exposure to food and other organic matter, is very conducive to the growth of bacteria, so it should be exposed to the sun, boiling disinfection.

6. Pet nests should be disinfected frequently.

Principles of using household disinfectant:

1. Reasonable configuration concentration: The chemical disinfectant has disinfection effect only when it reaches a certain concentration. If the concentration is too low, the pathogenic microorganisms cannot be eliminated. If the concentration is too high, it may cause significant damage to the disinfected objects and may cause harm to human health. The higher the disinfectant concentration, the better.

2. Strictly regulate the time: the disinfectant only has a certain time to have the disinfection effect. Some disinfectants have a fast sterilization effect, and some are slower. Different disinfectants and different disinfection objects may require different action times. To ensure effective disinfection, the disinfectant must be allowed to act for a certain period of time.

3. Ensure the safety of use: Most of the chemical disinfectants currently on the market have a certain degree of harm to the human body and articles, and you need to pay attention to safety when using them. Avoid direct contact of disinfectant with human body. In case of accidental splash into eyes, rinse immediately with clean water. For safety reasons, gloves and glasses should be worn when preparing disinfectants to prevent children from being present.

4. Reducing influencing factors: The disinfection effect is related to the nature of the disinfection object. Items containing organic matter may affect the disinfection effect. Before disinfection, the objects to be disinfected should be cleaned as much as possible. It is best to clean and then disinfect tableware and furniture. Since the moisture on the disinfected items may reduce the concentration of the disinfectant, the disinfected objects should be relatively dry during disinfection.

5. Chemical disinfectant is ready for use: Most chemical disinfectants are unstable, especially after being diluted with water, they are more easily decomposed. They must be prepared for use now, and cannot be reused; repeated use will cause disinfectant contamination and decrease the disinfection effect.

6. Scientific implementation of disinfection: Different disinfectants have different effects on killing pathogenic microorganisms, and different microorganisms have different resistance to disinfectants. General household disinfectants only kill some common microorganisms, and may not have disinfection effects on some more resistant microorganisms. Therefore, if there are infectious patients in the family, disinfection measures should be taken in accordance with the recommendations of the doctor and the requirements of the local disease prevention and control department.

Precautions for using household disinfectant:

1. If there are infants, infants, pregnant women, elderly people with low immunity, or patients in the family, use disinfectants with caution. If there are no patients with infectious diseases, it is best not to use disinfectants.

2. Avoid using wine bottles and beverage bottles as disinfectants to avoid misuse. Do not use beverage bottles to replace disinfectant bottles to avoid poisoning by adults or children. If using other bottles, be sure to indicate the word "disinfectant". Disinfectants stored in the home should be kept out of the reach of children or locked.

3. Proper selection and use of chemical disinfectants in accordance with the instructions, read the product instructions carefully before use, and strictly follow the disinfectant use concentration, amount and disinfection time.

4. There must be certain protection (glove, glasses, etc.) during the application process. Do not directly touch the stock solution with your hands. Anything soaked with disinfectant must be finally cleaned to remove residues.

5. Air disinfection is generally selected by opening the window. If there are special requirements, it must be sprayed with disinfectant or directly irradiated with ultraviolet rays, and it must be carried out in the absence of people in the room to reduce the harm to the human body.

6. When spray disinfection using chemical disinfectant, in order to ensure the disinfection effect, the doors and windows should be closed during disinfection. After disinfection, the doors and windows should be opened to ventilate, and the family members should enter after the smell has dispersed.

7. During disinfection, if the skin or other parts of the body are allergic to the disinfectant and allergic symptoms appear, such disinfectant should be stopped, and anti-allergic drugs should be used as appropriate under the guidance of the physician.

The above is the introduction about the use method and precautions of the disinfectant. I hope that through the introduction of this article, everyone has a certain understanding of the use of the disinfectant and some common safety knowledge. Safe and reasonable disinfection can bring health to the family.

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