Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Common causes and treatment of gum bleeding

Bleeding gums is the most common oral disease, and is a warning of diseases issued by the oral cavity.

Common causes of gum bleeding

1. Gingivitis or periodontitis. Most of them are bleeding gums, and the mouth is not clean. Hard calculus often accumulates in the gingival sulcus, which continuously stimulates the gums. In addition, the invasion of a large number of bacteria will cause inflammation of the gums, which is shown as red gums and gingival margins. Plus touch will cause bleeding.

2. Residual roots of teeth. The residual crown stimulates the gums, improper use of toothpicks, unreasonable dentures, sharp stimulation of the edges of caries, and hard food debris with incarceration, etc., can also cause local gum bleeding.

3. Systemic diseases. For example, hemophilia, hemorrhagic purpura, and thrombocytopenia can be caused. There are also some later stages of systemic diseases, such as liver cirrhosis, hypersplenism, and disseminated lupus erythematosus in the late stage of nephritis, which can cause low blood clotting function or severe anemia, and can also cause symptoms of bleeding gums. Gum bleeding is also a prominent symptom of scurvy.

4. Some women have bleeding gums during menstruation and pregnancy, spontaneous bleeding may occur, and there may be itching, swelling, and pain in the gums.

Treatment of gum bleeding

1. First, ask a professional doctor to clean the teeth, remove tartar, calculus (commonly known as tooth washing, medically known as cleansing, scraping), if necessary, gargle or take antibiotics, gum inflammation will quickly disappear, and bleeding will follow stop. International dentists recommend washing your teeth every six months to a year.

2. Remove the residual crown and root. If the gum is bleeding due to poorly made braces or bad restorations, the braces should be remade or refilled.

3. Women's menstrual period and pregnancy should pay attention to maintaining oral hygiene, usually after menstruation and pregnancy, gum bleeding can be significantly reduced.

4. Choose a new type of health toothbrush, avoid brushing your teeth horizontally, and use the vertical brush method to prevent bleeding caused by gum irritation.

5. When there is a large-scale spontaneous gum bleeding of unknown cause, you should go to the hospital as soon as possible to determine whether there are blood system diseases, especially hidden blood diseases. Pay high attention to find the reasons and deal with them in a timely manner.

6. What should I do with bleeding gums in pregnant women? Prevention is the key. Maintain good oral hygiene, regularly carry out preventive dental care, and thoroughly clean the teeth. Brush your teeth gently at least twice a day (as much as possible after meals), using a soft bristle brush and toothpaste containing fluoride.

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