Monday, June 22, 2020

Cancer Tips

1. Can cancer be cured?

A: Cancer can be cured, but the premise is early detection.

Most cancers are the result of long-term accumulation of genetic damage and changes in human cells under long-term external factors. It is a multi-factor, multi-stage, and complex gradual process. It usually takes ten to dozens of years to develop from normal cells to cancer cells. Time of year. A large number of clinical studies have shown that a considerable portion of cancers are discovered in the early, even very early stages, and can be cured after scientific and formal treatment. Taking thyroid cancer as an example, the 5-year survival rate after early detection of surgery can reach almost 100%. However, all cancers have one thing in common, that is, once they enter the middle and late stages, the cure rate will be greatly reduced, so we must cultivate the awareness of early diagnosis and early treatment, and improve our own cancer prevention and control capabilities.

2. Which methods are easy to cause cancer?

Answer: The following eight lifestyle habits are important causes of frequent cancer:

smokes. Smokers have a 7 to 11 times higher risk of cancer than non-smokers.

Sedentary. A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of certain cancers.

drink. Whether it's an alcoholic beverage, or beer, wine, and spirits, as the intake increases, the risk of oral cancer, pharyngeal cancer, and throat cancer increases significantly.

Often drink sugary drinks. Sugary beverages provide calories, and long-term consumption can easily lead to obesity. Obesity has become the "blame" that causes cancer.

Too little intake of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables can reduce the incidence of nasopharyngeal cancer, larynx cancer, esophageal cancer, etc. Eat at least 5 servings (at least 400 grams) of different types of vegetables and fruits every day, preferably including red, green, yellow, purple and other colors.

Excessive intake of red meat. A diet high in red meat can cause pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. The weekly intake should be less than 500 grams, and try to eat processed meat products as little as possible.

Excessive salt intake. Salt and salted foods will increase the rate of gastric cancer. The total daily salt intake should be less than 6 grams.

Lack of breastfeeding. Breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer of mothers before menopause, and can also prevent children from being overweight and reduce the risk of cancer in the future.

3. Is there any way to prevent cancer?

A: Although there are many causes of malignant tumors, the prevention of malignant tumors should start with improving the living environment and getting rid of bad living behaviors and habits. Physical discomfort, early medical treatment, early detection, early diagnosis, and early standard treatment will play a positive role in reducing the incidence of tumors.

Quit smoking and limit alcohol. The World Health Organization predicts that, assuming that people no longer smoke, five years later, the world's cancer will be reduced by 1/3. Long-term excessive consumption of alcohol will greatly increase the damage of multiple organs such as liver, esophagus and stomach, which will inevitably increase the incidence of liver cancer, esophageal cancer and gastric cancer and the incidence of young age.

Food hygiene. Long-term eating of foods that are too hot, too cold, too salty, too spicy or too acidic can directly cause damage to the digestive organs; long-term eating of rich carcinogens such as expired spoilage, frying and barbecue can induce organ malignant transformation; long-term eating moldy foods Easy to get cancer. Moldy corn and moldy peanuts, of which aflatoxin is a strong carcinogen; stinky tofu, shrimp paste, salted fish, moldy dried vegetables, because they are rich in amine nitrite can also induce malignant tumors; avoid eating contaminated food and contaminated water Try to rinse the lettuce you bought with running water to reduce pesticide residues on the surface of the vegetable body; avoid overeating.

Combine work and rest to ensure enough sleep and avoid anger. Long-term mental stress or insomnia will inevitably lead to physical weakness, decreased immune function, endocrine disorders, various physical and mental diseases, and eventually lead to malignant tumors.

Strengthen physical exercise, enhance physical fitness and improve resistance. The elderly choose aerobic exercise suitable for them according to their physical condition and physical fitness, such as walking and playing Tai Chi. Take 6000 to 10,000 steps a day.

Air pollution protection. For air pollution in the workplace, dust and detoxification facilities are required, and personal protective masks or dust masks should also be worn. Car exhaust pollution is an important factor in the pollution of roads to and from get off work, and the respiratory protection of office workers should be well done. Household cooking smoke is also the reason for polluting the living room, and exhaust facilities should be installed. Indoor decoration to avoid pollution of over-standard materials.

Avoid radiation exposure. Radiation is a substance that causes severe mutations. In the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, personal protection should be paid as much as possible to reduce unnecessary exposure. Avoid tumors caused by accumulation of radiation.

4. Will cancer spread?

Answer: Cancer is not contagious, but some carcinogenic factors are contagious.

Cancer is caused by changes in its own cell genes and is not contagious.

Some bacteria (such as Helicobacter pylori) and viruses (such as human papillomavirus, hepatitis virus, EB virus, etc.) that are closely related to the occurrence of cancer are contagious. By maintaining personal hygiene and a healthy lifestyle, vaccination (such as hepatitis virus vaccine, human papillomavirus vaccine) can avoid the infection of related bacteria and viruses to prevent the occurrence of cancer.

5. Why did I find the cancer soon after the unit physical examination?

A: This is because daily medical examination and cancer screening are not the same thing.

The daily physical examination is to check the heart, liver, kidney function, blood sugar, blood lipids, blood pressure, etc., to grasp the general condition of the human body, early detection of some common chronic diseases.

Anti-cancer screening refers to a series of targeted, fast, and simple inspections of people with superficial health, which can distinguish cancer patients and high-risk groups from healthy people at an early stage, and implement intervention measures in advance. Interrupting the process of cancer and improving people's quality of life is an effective way to prevent the occurrence and development of cancer.

Current technology can detect most common cancers early. Chest low-dose spiral CT can be used to detect lung cancer, ultrasound combined with molybdenum targets can be used to detect breast cancer, and gastrointestinal endoscopy can be used to detect gastrointestinal cancer. The anti-cancer medical examination is highly professional, individualized and effective, and should be selected by a professional medical examination institution.

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