Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Can deafness be prevented?

According to the Norther (1987) survey data of the University of Colorado, the incidence of severe deafness in neonates is about 3-4‰; moderate deafness and mild deafness at 0-6 years old account for about 5‰, mostly caused by otitis media. Otitis media in young children may affect their language development. Faced with such a large number of deaf patients, in addition to taking the necessary medical and rehabilitation measures, actively carry out newborn hearing screening, popularize and promote hearing health knowledge, pay attention to epidemiological investigations, carry out genetic counseling for deafness, strengthen medical monitoring and scientific medication Is the key to preventing deafness.

How to prevent deafness during the fetal period?

The work of hearing care should be started during pregnancy. For example, in the prenatal period, the mother should not receive preventive injections, and the abdomen should not be exposed to radiation to prevent the mother from getting viral infections. Once the infection is treated, it should be treated in time. Ototoxic drugs are forbidden during medication.

How to prevent deafness in the newborn period?

The prevention of deafness in the neonatal period should begin in the perinatal period. During this period, it can not only generate qualitative auditory central nervous system damage, but also cause damage to the inner ear hair cells. In particular, premature labor at the time of induction of labor or various causes of hypoxia and neonatal jaundice are very likely to cause sensorineural deafness. Therefore, early prevention and timely treatment of these diseases is an important link in the prevention and treatment of deafness.

How to prevent deafness in childhood?

Infectious deafness is a common and frequent disease in infants and young children. Among them, conductive deafness caused by exudative otitis media in children and sensorineural deafness caused by mumps and high fever are the most common. It is not easy to find early deafness in children, especially when infectious period is often treated with aminoglycoside antibiotics. Therefore, to prevent infection, scientific medication is important to prevent deafness.

How to protect the residual hearing of deaf children?

People with normal hearing are important to pay attention to the physiological health of the ear, but it is particularly important to protect the residual hearing of deaf children. If the noise can damage the hearing of normal people, the hearing-impaired deaf children are no exception, even more harmful, and more attention should be paid to hearing protection. The key to protecting the residual hearing of deaf children is to choose a suitable hearing aid. If you turn your hearing aid into a commercial product and buy it directly from the store without professional matching, it is incorrect, and it is even a terrible threat to the residual hearing of deaf children. In fact, the hearing aid is not only a simple amplifier, but also equipped with fine-tuning functions such as tone adjustment, automatic gain control, peak clipping control, etc. Professionals can carry out according to the hearing loss degree of the deaf children, the characteristics of the audiogram, and the hearing aid fitting standard. Optional, so as to obtain more satisfactory hearing compensation, even if it is used in a market noise environment, it will not damage the residual hearing of deaf children.

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