Monday, June 22, 2020

Breastfeeding knowledge

1. Benefits of breastfeeding

(1) Benefits for children: Breast milk is the best food for babies, which can meet all the nutritional needs of babies within 6 months;

(2) Benefits for mothers: Promote uterine contractions, reduce postpartum hemorrhage and anemia; can help mothers restore their body shape; reduce the incidence of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

(3) Benefits for families; convenience, economy, and family harmony.

(4) Benefits for society: It is conducive to improving the physical fitness of the whole nation, and is conducive to the development of children's intelligence and social ability.

2. What is exclusive breastfeeding, the importance of exclusive breastfeeding within 6 months and continued breastfeeding until the age of 2 or above

(1) Increase the relationship between mother and child

(2) Prevent milk swelling

(3) Reduce nipple illusion and baby allergy

(4) To avoid inadequate mother's milk secretion caused by the addition of foods other than breast milk to reduce the number of infants sucking.

(5) Increase the baby's immunity and prevent infection.

3. The importance of early skin contact and early milk opening after delivery

Helps maintain the temperature of the newborn,

Reduce crying and improve parent-child emotional connection.

Stimulate mothers' early milking and let newborns learn how to breastfeed.

Improve mother-child relationship

Promote contractions and reduce maternal bleeding.

4. The importance of a 24-hour room

(1) It can fully guarantee breastfeeding on demand and promote milk secretion

(2) It can strengthen the parent-child attachment relationship, increase the mother-child relationship and properly start breastfeeding opportunities, and can enhance the mother's confidence in breastfeeding the baby. Enable mothers and infants to establish successful breastfeeding relationships.

(3) Mothers can learn about breastfeeding and newborn care

(4) Reduce the chance of neonatal cross infection

5. Maternal breastfeeding postures and baby-containing postures

(1) Correct breastfeeding posture: Four points to hold the baby well while breastfeeding

(1) The child's head and body are in a straight line.

(2) The child's face is facing the breast, and the nose is facing the nipple.

(3) Mother holds her child close to herself.

(4) If it is a newborn, the mother should not only hold his head but also his hips.

(2) The correct posture

(1) Open mouth

(2) Eversion of lower lip

(3) The tongue surrounds the areola in a spoon shape

(4) The cheeks swell up in a round shape

(5) More areolas can be seen above the baby's mouth

(6) Baby sucks slowly and deeply

(7) Can see or hear swallowing

(Three) the correct way to hold the breast

Hold the breast with the "C" shape by hand, with the index finger supporting the base of the breast, leaning against the chest wall under the breast, and placing the thumb above the breast.

6. The importance of breastfeeding on demand

On-demand breastfeeding means that the baby should be fed when the baby is hungry or when the mother feels that the breast is swollen. The time of breastfeeding, the number and interval of breastfeeding are not limited. Sucking breasts frequently and effectively promotes increased breast milk to ensure that the mother has enough milk.

Seven, how to ensure that the mother has enough milk

(1) Mother and baby in the same room

(2) Breastfeeding on demand

(3) Frequent and effective sucking

8. Under special circumstances, breastfeeding such as AIDS, viral hepatitis, etc.

(1) Hepatitis B:

If the mother is positive for hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg), the incidence of mother-to-child vertical transmission is 85 to 90%, and if the mother is HBeAg negative and HBsAg positive, the incidence of mother-to-child vertical transmission is 32%. Mother-to-child transmission during lactation can be prevented by vaccination against hepatitis B vaccine is the most effective method.

(2) Breastfeeding of AIDS patients

(1) Breastfeeding of HIV-infected mothers

(2) The mother-to-child transmission of AIDS mainly occurs in three stages of pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding (intrauterine transmission, labor transmission and postpartum transmission). Postpartum breastfeeding is also an important means of transmission for mother-to-child transmission, because the breast milk of HIV-infected mothers contains HIV.

(3) The infant feeding policy proposed by our country is to promote artificial feeding, avoid breastfeeding, and prevent mixed feeding.

Nine, how to maintain breastfeeding after maternal work

(1) Mothers should learn to milk and store milk for a period of time before going to work. When mothers are away from their babies after work, they will eat stored breast milk. After returning home from get off work, mothers can breastfeed again.

(2) Mothers should learn how to store milk and milk.

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