Monday, June 22, 2020

Basic knowledge of swine flu (H1N1 flu)

1. What is swine flu? Can swine flu virus be transmitted to people?

Swine flu is a disease of the swine respiratory system caused by the swine influenza A virus, which can cause influenza outbreaks in swine herds. Generally, humans are rarely infected with swine flu virus. In recent years, there have been cases of human swine flu infection in the United States and other places. Most of the patients were people who had direct contact with sick pigs.

2. How do people get swine flu? What are the symptoms and manifestations of people infected with swine flu?

People may come into contact with infected pigs or the environment infected with swine influenza virus, or through contact with people infected with swine influenza virus. The symptoms of human swine flu infection are similar to those of ordinary human flu, including fever, cough, sore throat, body pain, headache, chills and fatigue, and some will also have diarrhea and vomiting. In severe cases, pneumonia and respiratory failure will occur. even death.

3. Is there a vaccine for swine flu?

Although there is no vaccine to prevent human swine flu infection, human swine flu infection is preventable, controllable and curable.

4. Will eating pork be infected with swine flu?

There is currently no evidence that swine flu can spread through food. Therefore, it is safe to eat cooked pork and pork products that are handled properly. Cooking pork with an internal temperature of 71°C can kill bacteria and viruses.

5. What are the main personal protection measures?

1) Avoid contact with respiratory symptoms such as flu-like symptoms (fever, cough, runny nose, etc.) or pneumonia.

2) Pay attention to personal hygiene, often wash hands with soap and water, especially after coughing or sneezing.

3) Avoid contact with live pigs or go to places with pigs.

4) Avoid going to crowded places.

5). Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and then throw the tissue into the trash.

6). If flu-like symptoms (fever, cough, runny nose, etc.) occur abroad, you should seek medical treatment immediately (wear a mask when seeing a doctor) and explain to the local public health agency and inspection and quarantine department.

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