Friday, June 26, 2020

A brief history of the development of Pu'er tea: How are the ages of No. grade tea, Indian grade tea and Qizi cake tea divided?

Chinese tea, a national drink. Pu'er, a famous tea in Yunnan, originated in Shennong, flourished in Tang, flourished in Qing, and is famous in contemporary times. Then, when did Yunnan famous tea differ from Pu'er tea to raw tea and cooked tea? What is Pu'er tea raw tea, what is Pu'er tea cooked tea, and what are the differences between the two?

A brief history of Pu'er tea development

"Chajing" cloud: There is Jiamu in the south. The so-called Jiamu means tea. On the territory of tea planting in China's tea regions and even the world, the origin of Pu'er tea in Yunnan is an important place for tea production and planting, and it has even been awarded the title of "World Tea Source". With the rise of Yunnan Pu'er tea ancient tree tea, Shantou tea and other concepts, the origin of Yunnan Pu'er tea has gradually become transparent, and is known to tea customers. In addition, some famous mountains of Pu'er tea have wild-type, transitional, and cultivated "tea king trees", which has become a holy place for Chinese and foreign experts from all walks of life to come to worship.

These existing ancient tree tea plants also record the history of the development of the Pu'er tea history in Yunnan, and are the living archives of the tea trees planted by the ancestors of Yunnan. As for the development of Pu'er tea over the past 100 years, industry insiders divided it into three main representative eras, namely, tea grade, Indian grade tea and Qizi cake tea. No. grade tea-refers to the products of private tea farms during the period from the beginning of the last century to the establishment of "China Yunnan Tea Trade Co., Ltd." in 1938. The main tea products are: Centennial Tongqing (with Malong and Shuangshi), Tribute Tongqing, Fuyuanchang (with purple, red and blue tickets), Song Cheng (with red and blue tickets), Sun Xishun , Tribute Tongxing (thick paper, thin paper), Song Cheng Jingchang, Jingchang, Jiangcheng, Tongchang, Huang Wenxing, Tongchang Huangji (with red ticket, blue ticket), Yang Cheng, Puqing , Cheshun, Dingxing (with red and blue tickets), Yiwu Xingshunxiang, Yiwu Yongmaochang, Flugong, Sipu Gongming, Qunji Yuancha, Mengjing, Xinxing, Hanoi, Yunnan No. etc.

Indo-grade teas-From the establishment of the China Tea Company in 1938, the production of the first batch of red-indian round teas began. In 1967, the tea produced during this period was indo-grade teas. With the establishment of China Tea Company as the starting point, the transformation from a private tea plantation to a national government factory-led production of tea is a major change. The scale and method of production, product quality and packaging characteristics all have the same grade tea The times are different. It was not until the mid-1967 tea brand round tea was changed to Qizi cake tea that it marked the end of the era of Indian tea. The main tea products are red seal round tea, green seal round tea, paperless red seal, paperless green seal, large print green seal round tea, small print green print round tea, yellow seal round tea, round tea discus, etc. Most tea products are made by Menghai Tea Factory.

Qizi Bian Tea—In the mid-to-late 1960s, the Chinese tea brand Yuancha was renamed Yunnan Qizi Bian Tea as the beginning. By the beginning of this century, the transformation of major state-owned tea factories in Yunnan came to an end. The main tea products are Kunming simplified Chinese Qizi cake tea and Xiaguanzhong tea brand simplified Chinese Qizi cake. The previous two models were produced in the early stages with Indian grade tea, using the Chinese tea brand trademark. In the 1980s, there were: Xiaguanzhong tea brand traditional seven-cake (8653 discus), yellow-print seven-cake (seriously formulated yellow-mark), big blue-print seven-cake, water-blue-print seven-cake, 7542-73 blue cake, 8582 green Cakes, red ribbon seven child cakes, 7532 snow-printed green cakes, 8052 7542 and 7582 thick paper and thin paper green cakes, 88 green cakes and so on. In addition to the traditional teas produced in Kunming, Menghai, and Shimonoseki after the 1990s, the printed and packaged cakes also have Qizi cakes of the Red Dayi and Purple Dayi brands. In addition, there are Qizi cake tea produced by large-scale tea factories such as Dadugang and Liming that were built later and ordered by tea merchants to major factories.

Judging from the above three eras, the point of time between Pu'er tea raw tea and cooked tea is in the era of Qizi cake tea. Due to the long aging period of Pu'er raw tea, in order to imitate the natural fermentation process, the purpose of rapid aging of Pu'er tea is achieved. Pu'er tea adopts "Wudui" fermentation technology, and was successfully trial-produced in Menghai Tea Factory and Kunming Tea Factory from 1973 to 1975. During this period, the most iconic tea was the Zhongcha brand 7581 cooked tea brick, which is widely recognized in the Pu'er tea consumer market today. There is a new chapter in Pu'er tea industry, and Pu'er tea products are divided into two types, namely Pu'er tea raw tea and Pu'er tea cooked tea.

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